Article X. Supplemental Zone Regulations

SECTION 28 – 1001 OFF STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS

28 – 1001.1 PURPOSE

To facilitate the movement of people and goods on the local street system, to lessen congestion in the streets, to assure that streets are clear of obstructions and as a means of protecting the lives and safety of motorists and pedestrians, the following off-street parking standards are established.  Standards hereinafter established govern the provision, arrangement and access for parking lots or areas and individual parking spaces.

28 – 1001.2 DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS

  1. All land hereinafter used or occupied and all structures hereinafter designed or enlarged, shall provide sufficient off-street parking spaces in accordance with this Section.
  2. The provisions of this section shall not apply to established parking districts and no off-street parking space greater than which exists at the effective date of this ordinance need be provided for existing uses or structures.  However, if at any time in the future the use of the property changes to one which requires greater off-street parking space, the extra space shall be provided.
  3. When a building or property is used for more than one use, the parking requirement for each such use shall be separately applied on the basis of that area established for each use.
  4. All off-street parking spaces, other than for a single family or duplex dwelling, which requires vehicles to back into a public road, street or highway are prohibited.
  5. No parking area shall be used for the sale, repair, dismantling or servicing of any vehicle or equipment or for the storage of materials or supplies.
  6. All off-street parking facilities shall be constructed of dust-free materials, have a surface resistant to erosion, drained so as to prevent damage to abutting properties or public streets, and maintained properly by the owner.
  7. Each automobile parking space shall be clearly marked appropriately to the dimensions required for each space exclusive of the access drive.
  8. There shall be provided entrances and exits and driveway adequate to connect parking areas with a public right-of-way.
  9. Minimum dimensions for off-street parking and maneuvering space or driveways shall correspond to Table 10.1.
  10. No parking spaces except those proposed for single family or duplex residences shall have direct access to a public way.
  11. A driveway ten (10) feet wide and thirty-five (35) feet long shall be deemed sufficient parking space, for single family or each unit in a duplex.
  12. No part of any parking or maneuvering space shall be closer than ten (10) feet to any street line, sidewalk or property line for commercial or industrial uses, or three (3) feet for residential uses.
  13. No off-street parking areas may be used for displays, exhibits or sales, except in conjunction with any approved Temporary uses.

Table 10.1

 Angle

Minimum Stall Width (W)

Minimum Stall Length (L)

Minimum Aisle Width (Maneuvering Space) (A)

90°

9 feet

18 feet **

24 feet

60°

9 feet

18 feet **

18 feet one-way

22 feet two-way

45°

9 feet

18 feet **

16 feet one-way

22 feet two-way

30°

9 feet

18 feet **

14 feet one-way

22 feet two-way

Parallel

8 feet

22 feet

16 feet one-way

22 feet two-way


** - Vehicle Overhang: Up to two(2)  feet of vehicle overhang into any planter area is allowed provided the planter is a minimum of six feet wide, in this situation the minimum required depth of the parking stall may be reduced by up to two 2 feet When utilizing this option, curbing shall be utilized at the edge of the paved area, rather than wheel stops.

28 – 1001.3 PARKING REQUIREMENTS

  1. Except under the provisions of subsections B and C below, all uses of land and structures shall adhere to the following parking requirements:
    1. Assembly hall, arena, or auditorium – 1 space per 3 seats of its rated capacity.
    2. Auto sales or showroom – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.  In no case shall any of the dealers' inventory be parked in this minimum required parking area.
    3. Animal hospital – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.
    4. Appliance stores – 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area.
    5. Assisted Living Facilities shall satisfy the parking standard for Nursing Homes.
    6. Automotive repair garage – 4 spaces per service bay or work area.
    7. Bank – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area plus 5 stacking spaces per each drive-in stall.
    8. Bars – 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area.
    9. Boarding house – 1 space per sleeping room.
    10. Bowling alley – 4 parking spaces for each lane.
    11. Churches and other houses of worship – 1 space per 3 seats of the main seating area, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of gross Sunday School area.
    12. Civic Club – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.
    13. Clubs, entertainment, night clubs – 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area.
    14. Clubs, private – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.
    15. Domiciliary Care Facilities shall satisfy the parking standard for Nursing Homes.
    16. Equipment sales – 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area.
    17. Furniture stores – 1 space per 500 square feet of gross floor area.
    18. Funeral Homes – 1 space for each 3 seats of its rated capacity, but not less than 30 spaces.
    19. Gasoline or service station – 4 spaces per service bay or work area.
    20. Golf Course – 4 spaces per hole plus 3 spaces per driving range, putting green, or pitching/chipping green plus parking for any restaurant or bar as required herein.
    21. Healthcare Staff Housing and Healthcare Student Dormitories – 1 space per resident, plus 1 space per employee on the largest shift, plus 1 space per guests per eight (8) residents.
    22. Hotels – 1.25 spaces per guest room plus required parking for accessory uses contained on the premises as required herein.
    23. Hospital – 1 space per 600 square feet of gross floor area.
    24. Laboratory – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.
    25. Laundromat – 1 parking space for each washing or dry-cleaning machine.
    26. Library – 1 space per each 250 square feet of gross floor area.
    27. Machinery sales or repairs – 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area.
    28. Manufacturing facility – 1 space per 800 square feet of gross floor area.
    29. Medical, Health or dental offices and clinics – 1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area.
    30. Medical Laboratory – 1 space per 600 square feet of gross floor area.
    31. Moving and storage – 1 space per 2,000 square feet of gross floor area plus required spaces for any office area and 1 space for each vehicle used in the business.
    32. Motel – 1.25 spaces per guest room plus required parking for accessory uses contained on the premises.
    33. Motor vehicle sales – 1 space per 200 square feet of gross floor area.
    34. Museums – 1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area.
    35. Nursing Homes, Convalescent Home or Home for Aged – 1 space per every 2 beds plus 1 space for any facility vehicles, plus parking for any offices, community centers, etc., as required herein.
    36. Office uses – 1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area.
    37. Overnight Care Facilities shall satisfy the parking standard for Nursing Homes.
    38. Patient Hostel – 1 space per guest room plus 1 space per employee of the largest shift.
    39. Residential Uses:
      1. Dwelling, single-family – 2 spaces for each dwelling unit.
      2. Dwelling, two-family or duplex – 2 spaces for each dwelling unit.
      3. Dwelling, multi-family – efficiency or one bedroom, 1 space for each dwelling unit; Two bedrooms or more - 2 spaces per dwelling unit.
      4. Dwelling, townhouse – 2 spaces for each dwelling unit.
    40. Retail sales – 1 space per each 250 square feet of gross floor area.
    41. Retirement Community – 1 space per every 2.5 bedrooms plus 1 space for any facility vehicles, plus parking for any offices, community centers, etc., as required herein.
    42. Restaurant:
      1. Carry-out – 1 space per 300 square feet of gross floor area plus 1 space per delivery vehicle.
      2. Fast Food – 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area, plus 5 stacking spaces per drive-thru window.
      3. Sit Down – 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area.
    43. 43.  Schools:
      1. Elementary, Junior or Middle – 2 spaces per classroom plus any requirements for auditoriums or gymnasiums, but not less than 1 parking space per teacher and staff.
      2. Senior High, College – 2.5 spaces per classroom plus any requirements for auditoriums, gymnasiums or stadiums, but not less than 1 per teacher and staff.
    44. Shopping center – 1 space per 250 square feet of gross floor area.
    45. Special Medical Treatment Facility – 1 space per 400 square feet of gross floor area.
    46. Storage and warehouse – 1 space per 2,000 square feet of gross floor area plus required spaces for any office area and 1 space for each vehicle used in the business.
    47. Taverns – 1 space per 50 square feet of gross floor area.
    48. Terminal:
      1. Freight – 1 space per 2,000 square feet of gross floor area plus required spaces for any office area and 1 space for each vehicle used in the business.
      2. Passenger – 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area plus 3 lanes for buses.
    49. Theaters – 1 space per 3 seats of its rated capacity.
    50. Tourist Information Center - 1 space per 100 square feet of gross floor area.
    51. Wholesale – 1 space per 2,000 square feet of gross floor area plus required spaces for any office area and 1 space for each vehicle used in the business.
  2. For any use not specifically listed in subsection A above, the parking requirement will be determined by the Town Planner.
  3. The Town recognizes that, due to the peculiarities of any given development, the inflexible application of the parking standards may result in a development either with inadequate parking space or parking space far in excess of its needs.  The former situation may lead to traffic congestion or parking violations in adjacent streets as well as unauthorized parking in nearby private lots.  The latter situation wastes money as well as space that could more desirably be used for valuable development or environmentally useful open space.  Therefore, the Town (through the Planning Commission) may permit deviations from the presumptive requirements of subsections A or B above and may require more or allow less parking as may be deemed appropriate during the process of site plan review.  In determining whether or not it is appropriate to allow such deviations, the applicant shall have the burden of supplying evidence that such a change is warranted.  This evidence shall include the applicant’s experience with the same use in other jurisdictions, alternate standards (and an assessment of their adequacy) for the same use in other communities, or a suggested standard by a Nationally recognized authority in parking (e.g. The Institute of Transportation Engineers, the American Planning Association, etc.).
  4. In situations where the total parking area should not be needed in the immediate future, but may be in the longer-term, the Planning Commission may require that all of the area be provided and reserved for parking, but may suspend or waive the requirement that it actually be paved, until such time as the Town Planner determines that it is necessary.
  5. Whenever the Town Council shall have established municipally owned and maintained off-street parking areas, and where certain uses may be required to pay an additional tax for the support of publicly owned facilities provided by said tax; the parking requirements of this Ordinance applying to those uses located within said district shall not be required; provided, however, that said users pay either the full special tax or a proportionate share thereof.
  6. Parking lots shall always be generously planted with shade trees.  Lots of 25 spaces or more shall provide at least one tree per five (5) parking spaces.  Stock should be no less than 1.5" caliper (at breast height) and each tree should be provided with at least forty (40) square feet of unpaved area around its trunk.
  7. Parking areas for more than five (5) vehicles shall be effectively screened on each side which adjoins or is faced by any "R" District, by an ornamental wall, fence, or compact evergreen hedge.  Such screen shall be not less than four (4) feet or more than six (6) feet in height and shall be maintained in good condition without any advertising thereon.
  8. The location of parking spaces shall be approved by the Planning Commission during the appropriate review process.
  9. The visual impact of parking spaces shall be minimized through siting and landscaping.  In general, parking lots for commercial or industrial uses should, to the extent feasible, be located in rear or side yards.  Landscaping of parking lots should be generous to provide shade for parked vehicles and a buffer between the lot and adjacent uses.
  10. The standards outlined in this subsection (28 – 1001.3) shall not apply to uses or projects within the CR Zoning District.  Properties within the CR Zoning District are exempt from the off-street parking requirements.
  11. In such situations that warrant approval of excess spaces, property owners are required to use pervious surfacing materials for all spaces over the ordinarily permitted threshold unless they can demonstrate that the use of such paving surfaces creates undue hardship and that the adverse impacts of additional impervious surfaces can be mitigated.
  12. The Town (through the Planning Commission) may permit deviations from the minimum dimensions specified in Table 10.1 to allow reductions for Minimum Stall Depth, Minimum Stall Length and Minimum Aisle Width if deemed appropriate during the process of site plan review.  In determining whether or not it is appropriate to allow such deviations, the applicant shall have the burden of supplying evidence that such a change is warranted.  This evidence shall include the applicant’s experience with the same use in other jurisdictions, alternate standards (and an assessment of their adequacy) for the same use in other communities, or a suggested standard by a Nationally recognized authority in parking (e.g. The Institute of Transportation Engineers, the American Planning Association, etc.).
  13. Parking spaces designed to abut other parking spaces in the front shall be separated by a landscaping area.  Such landscaping areas shall be a minimum of six (6) feet wide and shall be planted with landscaping material.  Such landscaping areas should be designed to receive runoff from adjoining parking areas and utilize minimal impediments to the sheet flow of water (such as precast wheel stops as opposed to continuous standing curb).  The application of bio-retention in these areas is strongly encouraged.

28 – 1001.4 JOINT USE – OFF-SITE FACILITIES

  1. All parking spaces required herein shall be located on the same lot with the building or use served, except that where an increase in the number of spaces is required by a change or enlargement of use or where such spaces are provided collectively or used jointly by two (2) or more buildings or establishments, the required spaces may be located and maintained on a lot within five hundred (500) feet of the building served.
  2. Up to twenty-five (25%) percent of the parking spaces required for (a) theaters, public auditoriums, bowling alleys, dance halls, and night clubs, and up to one hundred (100%) percent of the parking spaces required for a church auditorium may be provided and used jointly by (b) banks, offices, retail stores, service establishments, and similar uses not normally open, used, or operated during the same hours as those uses listed, and up to fifty (50%) percent of parking spaces required for schools may be provided and used jointly by a church auditorium; provided, however, that written agreement thereto is properly executed and recorded as specified below.
  3. In any case, where the required parking spaces are not located on the same lot with the building or use served, or where such spaces are collectively or jointly provided and used, such parking space shall be established by a recorded covenant or agreement as parking space to be used in conjunction with the principal use and shall be reserved as such through an encumbrance to be valid for the total period the use or uses for which the parking is needed are in existence.  A certificate or recording shall be furnished to the Zoning Inspector.

28 – 1001.5 HANDICAP PARKING

Parking for physically handicapped persons shall be provided in accordance with the standards prescribed by the Maryland Handicapped Accessibility Code.

SECTION 28 – 1002 OFF-STREET LOADING

28 – 1002.1 DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS

The following standards shall apply for off-street loading spaces:

  1. In any zone in connection with every building or part thereof having a gross floor area of four thousand (4,000) square feet or more, which is to be occupied by manufacturing, storage, warehouse, goods display or sales, mortuary, or other uses similarly requiring the receipt and distribution by vehicles of material or merchandise, there shall be provided and maintained on the same lot with such building or use at least one (1) off-street loading space plus one (1) additional such loading space for each ten thousand (10,000) square feet of gross floor area or major fraction thereof.
  2. Each loading space shall be not less than ten (10) feet in width and forty-five (45) feet in length, and shall have a minimum overhead clearance of fourteen (14) feet.
  3. Such space may occupy all or any part of any required yard or court, except a front yard.
  4. No such space shall be located closer than fifty (50) feet to any lot located in any "R" District, unless wholly within a completely enclosed building or unless enclosed on three sides by a wall of uniformly painted board fence or natural plantings.  The height of all screening shall be determined by the zoning inspector but in no event, shall the screening be less than six (6) feet in height.
  5. Loading spaces shall be so located and designed that the vehicles intended to use them can maneuver safely and conveniently to and from a public right-of-way, and complete the loading or unloading operations without obstructing or interfering with any public right-of-way or any parking space or parking lot aisle.
  6. No area allocated to loading and unloading facilities may be used to satisfy the area requirements for off-street parking, nor shall any portion of any off-street parking area be used to satisfy the area requirements for loading and unloading facilities.

SECTION 28 – 1003 STRUCTURES PERMITTED ABOVE HEIGHT LIMIT

The building height limitations of this Ordinance shall not apply to roof structures, whether partially or totally enclosed or open, for housing stairways, elevators, heating, cooling and ventilation equipment and fans, tanks, ventilating fans or similar equipment required to operate and maintain the buildings; fire, or parapet, screening or sound attenuation walls or panels, towers, steeples, grain tanks, silos, smoke stacks or vents, masts and antennas, tanks, monuments, or other structures that project into the air. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any structure or use within any airport clear zone.

SECTION 28 – 1004 FRONT YARD ADJUSTMENTS

The front yard required for a dwelling in any zone which permits residences may be reduced in the case of a dwelling to be located between two (2) existing dwellings which lack the required front yard and which are less than one hundred (100) feet apart.  In such a case the front yard depth shall be not less than that of the deeper adjoining lot.

SECTION 28 – 1005 CORNER LOT RESTRICTIONS

On corner lots, all sides of the lot which face a street must comply with the applicable front setback.

SECTION 28 – 1006 OTHER EXCEPTIONS TO SETBACK REQUIREMENTS

The following features may project into required setbacks as hereinafter set forth.

  1. Beyond any required front setback, rear setback, or required side setback adjoining a street side lot line, the following exceptions shall be permitted:
    1. Cornices, canopies, eaves or other architectural features may project a distance not exceeding three (3) feet.
    2. Fire escapes may project a distance not exceeding five (5) feet.
    3.  An uncovered stair and necessary landings may project a distance not to exceed six (6) feet; provided however that such stair and landing shall not extend above the entrance floor of the building except for a railing not to exceed three (3) feet in height.
    4. Bay windows, balconies, and chimneys may project a distance not to exceed three (3) feet; provided that such features do not occupy, in the aggregate, more than one third (1/3) of the length of the wall on which they are located.
  2. Subject to the conditions specified above, the above-named features may project beyond any required side setback adjoining an interior side lot line a distance not to exceed one-fifth (1/5) of the required width of such side setback, but not to exceed three (3) feet in any case.
  3. Where otherwise permitted, filling station pumps and pump islands may occupy the front yards, provided, however, that pumps and pump islands shall not be less than thirty (30) feet from front property line.  The top of any canopy shall not be less than fifteen (15) feet from the front property line.
  4. Fences, Walls, and Hedges may be located in the established yards as follows:
    1. Fences, walls, and hedges, not exceeding at any point four (4) feet in height above the elevation of the surface of the ground, may be located in any front yard or court, but not beyond the front property line. For fences erected in an Industrial Zoning District (BC, I, I-1, or I-2), the maximum height shall be six (6) feet.
    2. Fences, walls, and hedges not exceeding at any point eight (8) feet in height above the elevation of the surface of the ground, may be located in any rear yard or side yard area.
    3. For through lots, fences, walls, and hedges, not exceeding at any point eight (8) feet in height above the elevation of the surface of the ground, may be located in the non-access front yard, but not beyond the front property line.
    4. In the I-1, I-2, I, or BC Zoning Districts, barbed wire may be affixed to the top of an otherwise legal fence without respect to the height limitations applicable thereto.
    5. A non-solid feature (e.g. lattice) not exceeding an additional two (2) feet in height may be added to the top of any otherwise legal fence.
  5. Handicapped ramps as required by the State Handicapped Code requirements.
  6. Decks may project beyond the required rear setback no more than ten (10) feet.
  7. Screened porches which violate the prescribed setbacks because it is legally grandfathered or which received a Variance from the Board of Zoning Appeals, may be converted to enclosed living space.

SECTION 28 – 1007 SUPPLEMENTAL USE STANDARDS

Certain uses may be permitted in the various zoning districts subject to specific development and/or performance standards as specified by this Ordinance and as determined by the Planner, the Town Engineer, the Board of Zoning Appeals, the Planning Commission, and/or the Town Council.  In instances where a standard references Planning Commission approval, but where Planning Commission review is not otherwise required, said approval authority shall be deemed to be vested in the Town Planner. Supplemental standards apply to traditional or planned developments.  However, in planned developments, the Town Council may approve alternate methods of complying with any of these supplemental standards during the appropriate review process. These standards include:


28 – 1007.1 RESIDENTIAL USES

  1. Specific residential uses listed below shall be subject to the following:
    1. Agriculture
      1. All accessory structures, and pens for the raising of poultry or livestock (except pastures) shall be located at least two hundred (200) feet from any lot line.
    2. Bed and Breakfast
      1. No structure shall be used as a Bed and Breakfast establishment unless it is either located within an Historic District, or is one of the residential structures identified by the Easton Historic District Commission as being of architectural or historical significance in the Town of Easton.
      2. Any structure used as a Bed and Breakfast operation must meet all applicable fire, safety and health codes and regulations.
      3. Each Bed and Breakfast establishment must provide two (2) parking spaces plus one (1) additional space for each room which may be provided.  The parking spaces are to be located on the property in such a manner as to minimize any adverse impact upon the appearance of the property and to minimize the destruction of shrubs and trees readily visible from a public way.  In granting a Special Exception for a Bed and Breakfast establishment, the Board of Appeals shall specify appropriate buffers to separate parking areas from adjoining residential properties.
      4. The structure in which the Bed and Breakfast operation takes place shall be the principal residence of the owner of the property, or an outbuilding located on the same property provided said outbuilding satisfies all Building, Fire, and Safety Codes and Regulations for use in this manner.
      5. Meals for guests shall be limited to breakfast provided in an area of the dwelling generally utilized by the resident family for the consumption of food.
      6. No person shall be a guest in a bed and breakfast operation for more than 15 consecutive nights.
    3. Day Care Facility, Family
      1. Applicant shall meet the requirements of the Office of Child Care Licensing and Regulation in the Department of Human Resources of the State of Maryland, or its successor agency for Family Day Care.
      2. A Family Day Care Home shall not have more day care children than the number which appears on the certificate of registration issued by the Office of Child Day Care Licensing and Regulation to such Family Day Care Home and Family Day Care Provider.
      3. At any one time, a Family Day Care Home shall have no more than eight (8) children, including no more than two (2) children under the age of two (2) years.
      4. Children visiting the Family Day Care Home for whom payment is not received shall count towards the eight (8) Children permitted under paragraph C above only if all of the following conditions are met:
        1. The child is less than six (6) years old;
        2. The child visits the Family Day Care Home unaccompanied by an adult on a regular basis; and
        3. The child cannot be sent home immediately.
      5. The Planning Commission may prescribe specific conditions determined necessary to minimize effects of use on neighboring properties given identification of concerns specific to a particular site.
      6. The applicant shall have one hundred (100) square feet of usable outdoor recreation area for each child that may use this space at any time.  Such usable outdoor recreation area shall be identified on the site plan and shall be sufficiently buffered from adjacent residential areas.  Usable outdoor recreation areas shall be limited to the side and rear yard of the property.
      7. The family day care provider shall comply with Article 88A of the Annotated Code of Maryland and the State Department of Human Resources regarding group day care centers.
      8. All such uses shall be located so as to permit the safe pickup and delivery of all persons on this site.
      9. This use shall be treated as an outright permitted use unless either of the following circumstances occurs:
        1. A Public Hearing is requested within seven (7) days of the posting of the property and the placement of an advertisement concerning the application in a newspaper of general circulation in the Town of Easton; or
        2. The Town planner recommends denial of the application.

          In the event that either 1 or 2 above occurs, the application shall be treated as a Special Exception and shall proceed in accordance with the standards applying thereto as specified in Article XIII, Section 28 – 1303.5.B.
    4. Granny Flat
      1. Applicant shall have or obtain a Town of Easton Rental Housing License for the rental unit.
      2. One additional off-street parking space shall be provided for the granny flat.
      3. No more than one granny flat may be created on any one lot under the terms of these provisions.
      4. The principal residence associated with the application for a granny flat must be occupied by the owner of the property.
    5. Homeless Shelter
      1. Homeless shelters shall be supervised by individuals with appropriate training covering such topics as First Aid, Emergency procedures, etc.
      2. The proposed homeless shelter must comply with all applicable building, fire and safety and health codes and regulations.
      3. Residents of the homeless shelter may be referred to the facility by the Talbot County Department of Social Services or local law enforcement officials, or other local service agencies.
    6. Home Occupations
      1. The applicant shall demonstrate that the occupation will be conducted within the dwelling or accessory building and is clearly secondary to the use of the dwelling for residential purposes.  There shall be no external evidence of business activity including inordinate vehicular traffic, outside storage, noise, dust, fumes, or other nuisances emitting from the premises.  No more than one ordinary vehicle per permitted home occupation, which contain a sign or logo, may be maintained on the premises, provided said vehicle is used in the daily operation of the business.  Not permitted, however, are vehicles other than those customarily found in a residential neighborhood (i.e. cars, pick-ups, mini-vans, Sport Utility Vehicles).
      2. All employees shall be residents except that one full-time non-resident employee may be on the premises if approved by the Board of Zoning Appeals.
      3. No outside storage of equipment, materials or items to be repaired shall be permitted.
      4. No article or commodity shall be offered for sale or publicly displayed on the premises except those incidental to services offered.
      5. No off-street parking shall be required other than that necessary for the permitted residential use.
      6. The applicant shall provide an impact statement indicating the nature of the business to be conducted in the office, the maximum number of persons expected on the premises at any one time, and the expected traffic generation caused by the use.
      7. Residential appearance shall be maintained and the proposed development shall be in keeping with the character of the neighborhood.
      8. Illumination of the site will be at a minimum to achieve safety requirements and shall be shielded from neighboring properties.
      9. No more than twenty-five (25%) percent of the floor area of the dwelling including an attached garage may be utilized for the home occupation and not more than five (5%) percent may be used for storage of stock in trade.
      10. The applicant shall be entitled to one (1) non-illuminated sign identifying the home occupation.  Such sign shall be attached to the building and shall be no greater in size than two (2) square feet.
    7. Kennel
      1. Kennels shall meet the side setback requirement and shall be setback a minimum of eight feet from the rear property line.  They shall not be located in any front yard.
      2. Situations involving nuisance animals are regulated by the Easton Town Code and are enforced by the Talbot County Humane Society.
    8. Short-Term Housing
      1. Short-term housing shall comply with the requirements for Rental Housing units as specified in Chapter 14 of the Town Code.
    9. Manufactured Home Parks or Subdivisions
      1. All manufactured home parks or subdivisions must be developed in accordance with the Town of Easton Subdivision Regulations and shall require Planning Commission review and approval.
      2. At least ten (10%) percent of the gross development area shall be reserved as common open space.
      3. The minimum total area required for a manufactured home park or subdivision shall be ten (10) acres.
      4. The minimum site area for each manufactured home within the park or subdivision shall be 5,000 square feet and each individual home site shall be defined by landscape plantings and/or low-level decorative fencing.
      5. There shall be a minimum setback from any structure to any adjacent public street or road of fifty (50) feet.
      6. All interior access drives shall be privately owned and maintained by the owner/operator of the subdivision or park.  Access drives shall be at least twenty (20) feet wide, shall be paved, and shall be approved by the Town Engineer.
      7. All structures within the subdivision or park shall be set back at least twenty-five (25) feet from the side lines of any internal access drives.
      8. No manufactured home within the subdivision or park shall be directly provided access onto a public street or road.
      9. A manufactured home subdivision or park shall be enclosed on all sides with a permanently maintained natural or artificial barrier/buffer in accordance with the provisions of Section 28 – 1014 of this Ordinance.
      10. All access roads, parking areas and walkways within the subdivision or park shall be illuminated at night.  Illumination in the subdivision or park shall not cast any glare beyond the perimeter of the subdivision or park.
      11. Every manufactured home within the park or subdivision shall be certified as meeting the current National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards
      12. Every manufactured home shall have a gross floor area of at least 600 square feet.
      13. No manufactured home may be used exclusively for storage purposes.
      14. Every manufactured home shall have a canopied or covered entranceway/porch at least sixty-four square feet in size.  This standard may be waived or modified by the Planning Commission if it finds that the standardized design of the unit already incorporates a covered porch or entryway.
      15. One (1) utility building is permitted for each manufactured home.  Such building shall be located on the individual manufactured home site, and shall not exceed exterior dimensions of twelve (12) feet by twelve (12) feet and shall not exceed ten (10) feet in height.
      16. Every manufactured home, together with all enclosed extensions or structural additions shall be installed upon an approved anchor tie-down system and shall be securely anchored thereto so as to prevent the home from shifting or overturning.  The undercarriage of every manufactured home shall be suitably hidden by some form of opaque skirting.
      17. A manufactured home subdivision shall comply with all requirements of the Easton Subdivision Regulations.
    10. Multi-Family Dwellings
      1. Multi-family dwelling shall be constructed in accordance with an approved Site Plan prepared under the provisions of Section 28 – 301 of this Ordinance.
      2. At least twenty-five (25%) percent of the gross development area shall be reserved as common open space.
      3. The setback requirements for multi-family dwellings shall be determined by the development standards for the zoning district in which the project is located except as hereby modified:
        1. When more than one (1) multi-family building is constructed, the buildings shall collectively adhere to the front setback requirements of the district in which they are located, plus five (5) feet per story over two (2) stories, or portion thereof.
        2. When more than one (1) multi-family building is built, no building shall be closer than twenty-five (25) feet from any other multi-family building.
        3. No multi-family structure shall be constructed at a distance of less than twenty (20) feet from any adjoining property lines; except for multi-family structures constructed in the CR district, wherein the development standards for that district shall apply.
      4. When more than one multi-family building is constructed, external walkways shall be paved and lighted.
      5. In the event that swimming facilities are designed as a part of the project, these facilities shall be enclosed by a fence not less than six (6) feet high.
      6. All areas not utilized for building or off-street parking shall be landscaped and maintained in accordance with Section 28 – 1014 of this Ordinance.
      7. All buildings within the multi-family project shall be of compatible architectural design.
      8. The minimum dimension, width or depth, of all living units shall be eighteen (18) feet.
      9. In the R-7A, R-10A, and R-10M districts, no more than three (3) units may be constructed with the same front setback and no more than six (6) units may be constructed in one building at first floor level.  In the CR district, no more than nine (9) units may be constructed in one building at first floor level and no more than three (3) units may be constructed with the same front setback.
      10. The facades of units shall be varied by changed front yards of not less than five feet.  Architecture shall be compatible among the units within the development and harmonious with the existing architecture of the Town of Easton.
      11. Public water and sewerage systems must be available to serve the project.
      12. The maximum permitted density shall be as follows:
        1. In R-7A and CR Districts - 8 dwelling units per acre.
        2. In R-10A and R-10M Districts - 5 dwelling units per acre.
      13. Side yard setback requirements for multi-family units (condominiums, townhouses, and apartments) adjacent to a single family detached residence or vacant residential lot shall be fifty (50).  Parking setback is also fifty (50) feet.
      14. Rear yard setback requirements for multi-family units (condominiums, townhouses, and apartments) adjacent to a single family residence or vacant residential lot shall be seventy-five (75) feet.  The setback for parking areas is also seventy-five (75) feet.
    11. Two-Family or Duplex Units
      1. Minimum lot area standards of the applicable zoning district shall be increased by fifty (50%) percent for two-family or duplex dwellings.
    12. Garage or Yard Sales
      1. In any district which permits yard or garage sales, each lot shall be allowed to conduct no more than three (3) yard or garage sales events in any one (1) calendar year.  A yard or garage sales event shall have a maximum duration of one (1) day.  Each consecutive day that a yard or garage sale extends shall constitute a separate event.
      2. Signs shall be permitted under the provisions governing Temporary signs.
    13. Single-Family Detached Dwelling Units
      1. Similarity Restricted

        No building permit shall be issued for any new single-family dwelling unit, which is similar in appearance to any dwelling unit near the proposed building, as further defined below.

      2. Exemptions

        The following dwelling units or projects shall be exempt from the provisions of this Section:
        1. Dwellings for which a building permit was approved before the effective date of these Regulations, including dwellings that are being remodeled, reconstructed, or replaced after damage by fire, flood, or other casualty.
        2. Subdivisions already in progress, and developing under the provisions of Section 28 – 106 (applicability).
        3. Multi-family projects, including apartments.
        4. Planned Unit Development or Planned Redevelopment Projects in which similarity of architectural form and style among dwelling units is clearly indicated in the Plans for such projects and such similarity is determined by the approving body to be integral to the success of a unified plan.
      3. Calculations of Differences in Appearance
        1. Differences in bulk and massing shall be reviewed for two lots on either side of the proposed unit on the same side of the street.
        2. Where lots are interrupted by an intervening street, parkland or similar feature of at least 50 feet in width, no review shall be necessary.
        3. The proposed unit shall be considered different from any vacant lot for which no building permit has been issued without requiring further documentation.
      4. Differentiation

        The proposed unit shall differ from each other house in at least two of the five criteria listed below, unless the units differ with respect to the number of full stories (#2) then only #2 is required.
        1. The unit is a different housing type.
          1. Single-family detached;
          2. Zero lot line (where allowed);
          3. Single-family attached; or
          4. Single-family detached rotated 90 degrees (i.e. the narrower façade fronts the street as opposed to the wider façade).
        2. The unit differs in the number of full stories.
        3. The unit is served by a different type of garage.
          1. Front-load garage;
          2. Side-load garage;
          3. Rear-load garage;
          4. Detached garage;
          5. Carport; or
          6. No Garage.
        4. The unit has a different roof type
          1. Gable
          2. Hip;
          3. Gambrel
          4. Mansard;
          5. Roof types a through d rotated 90 degrees; or
          6. Flat.
            Sample Roof Types Figure 10.1 Sample Roof Types
        5. The unit has variation in the articulation of the front façade.
          1. Garage setback from the front façade of at least four (4) feet;
          2. Covered, open walled porch of at least six (6) feet in depth extending at least 33 percent of the width of the front façade; or
          3. Other articulation of the front façade at least four (4) feet in depth, extending at least 33 percent of the width of the front façade.
        6. Although not required, differentiation in color between adjacent homes is strongly encouraged.
      5. Permit Review
        1. Acceptable documentation may include photographs of the other structures in question (no building elevations are required).
        2. A subdivision or phase thereof may be reviewed as a whole for conformity with this requirement, provided that adequate documentation to ensure conformity is submitted with the plat.  Such documentation is not required to be recorded as part of the plat.
    14. Swimming Pool
      1. Swimming pools may be located outside the building envelope; however, they may not be constructed in any front yard.
      2. Swimming pools and any supporting braces or decks must be setback a minimum of eight feet from any property line or may adhere to the minimum setback of the district, whichever is lesser.
      3. Swimming pools, together with garages or sheds, (if present), may occupy no more than 50% of the rear yard area.
    15. Waterfront development
      1. Except where otherwise specifically stated in this Ordinance, the following conditions shall control the use and development of land abutting upon a man-made or natural waterway:
        1. Only land situated and lying above the mean high waterline should be considered when determining the area of a lot or the permitted density of uses or structures upon said lot:
        2. The required front setback and yard for a principal structure shall be measured from the mean high waterline except where said principal structure is a pier, wharf, landing or boathouse.

28 – 1007.2 COMMERCIAL USES

  1. Specific Commercial uses listed below shall be subject to the following:
    1. Adult-Oriented Business
      1. Viewing booths and Live Viewing Booths are prohibited in all zoning districts.
      2. In addition to any buffer, buffer yard, setback, or other design criteria generally applicable to permitted uses in the Select Industrial (I-1) Zoning District, an Adult-Oriented Business must meet the following setback criteria:
        1. The closest portion of a building or structure in which an Adult Oriented Business is located shall not be within 1,000 feet of the boundary of any parcel of land that is zoned residentially or Regional Healthcare (RH).
        2. The closest portion of a building or structure in which an Adult Oriented Business is located shall not be within 500 feet from the boundary of any parcel of land containing a school, house of worship, park or recreation facility, day care center – small group, day care center – group, or day care facility – family.
        3. For the purposes of this Section, measurement shall be made in a straight line, without regard to intervening structures or objects.
        4. A lawfully operating Adult Oriented Business shall not be rendered a non-conforming use by the location, subsequent to the grant or renewal of an Adult Oriented Business license pursuant to Easton Town Code § 30-14, of a residential zoning district, school, house of worship, park or recreation facility, day care center – small group, day care center – group, or day care facility – family within buffer distances provided for above.
      3. An Adult Oriented Business shall provide or cause to be provided for all exterior areas, including but not limited to, parking lots or areas, loading docks, and sidewalks sufficient lighting to illuminate the exterior areas of the business to an illumination level of not less than two foot-candles and shall be equipped with video surveillance cameras that monitor the exterior portions of the premises from a management station located within the business.
      4. An Adult Oriented Business may not erect a fence, wall, or other barrier that prevents any portion of the parking lot(s) for the establishment from being visible from a public right of way.
      5. An Adult Oriented Business must post appropriate signage prohibiting parking at the premises for persons other than patrons of the business and prohibiting the use of the exterior of the premises for other than ingress, egress, parking and solid waste deposit/processing for bona fide employees and patrons of the business.
      6. In the case of Adult Oriented Businesses other than an adult book or video store, and to the extent not regulated under Article 2B of the Annotated Code of Maryland (or successor provisions thereof), shall be constructed and maintained in such manner that the conduct, promotion, delivery, provision, or performance of adult entertainment or material is not visible in any way or manner, or to any degree, from outside the building.
      7. No Adult Oriented Business may be conducted on the same parcel as, in the same building as, or in conjunction with any hotel, motel, bed and breakfast inn, boarding house, or in any structure or portion thereof not generally open to the public and freely accessible to patrons at all time.
      8. An Adult Oriented Business shall not have displayed on or about the exterior of any building in, or premises on, which an Adult Oriented Business is located, any sign, advertisement, or depiction visible to the general public, wherever located, containing any adult oriented entertainment or material.
    2. Animal Hospital/Veterinary Clinics or Services
      1. Disposal of waste shall be through approved, safe means and shall be separate from regular trash disposal.
    3. Automobile Sales or Showrooms
      1. All sales and installation facilities operations shall be conducted within a wholly enclosed building.  Outdoor display of motor vehicles for sale shall be permitted if areas for this purpose are integrated into the overall site design and are compatible with the adjacent and neighboring properties.  Applicant shall submit a plan indicating outdoor storage areas and screening of such areas.  The Planning Commission may require additional landscape treatment to address this requirement.  Neighboring properties shall be protected from site illumination, noise, and odor.
      2. Display for sale or rental purposes of motor vehicles, trailers, boats, camping trailers, or other vehicles may be permitted provided that the lot on which the vehicles are parked is adequately screened from all neighboring residentially zoned land or land proposed for residential purposes by the Comprehensive Plan.  In addition to buffering and landscaping requirements, a sightly, solid wall or fence at least three (3) feet in height shall be located along all property lines adjoining residentially zoned land, such wall shall contain no advertising and shall be maintained in good condition.
      3. The area of the lot devoted to buildings and vehicle display or storage shall include no more than seventy-five (75%) percent of the total lot area, exclusive of flood plains, steep slopes, or other environmentally sensitive areas.
      4. The number and type of vehicles permitted on the lot shall be determined on a case-by-case basis taking into account factors such as the gross weight of the vehicle, vehicle size, nature of the vehicle (commercial, industrial, passenger, or other) impacts on adjoining properties and traffic implications of the facility.
      5. The applicant shall design buildings to complement and contribute to desirable community character in terms of shape and style, roof lines, color, and materials.
      6. The applicant shall site new buildings to ensure that adjacent properties have visual privacy and sunlight as well as protection from new developments, site illumination, noise, and odor.
      7. The applicant shall design and site buildings to screen from public view unsightly site elements such as shipping and loading areas, car storage areas, dumpsters, etc.
      8. The applicant shall protect pedestrian areas from vehicular intrusion with landscaping and curbs that are integrated into the overall streetscape.
      9. The applicant shall identify a safe, identifiable driving lane within the parking lot.
      10. The applicant shall use landscaping islands, curbs, and signs to clearly distinguish the parking from loading and delivery and driving lanes.
      11. The applicant shall provide adequate space on site for service and delivery vehicles.
      12. The applicant shall provide turning areas in order to avoid dead-end parking situations.
    4. Automotive Repair Garage and Gasoline/Service Station
      1. Bulk storage of flammable liquids shall be underground and shall be subject to setback requirements.
      2. The entrance or exit at such establishment shall be at least fifty (50) feet from any lot zoned residential.
      3. There shall be no open storage or accumulation of junk or scrap.
      4. No structure or building shall be erected within thirty (30) feet of any dwelling.
      5. The applicant shall design and site buildings to screen from public view unsightly site elements such as shipping and loading areas, car storage areas, dumpsters, etc.
      6. No vehicular entrance or exit to such a facility shall be located within one-hundred (100) feet of any intersection.
      7. Any facility which repairs or services automobiles shall provide an area for the long-term storage of vehicles.  The area to be provided shall be at least 800 square feet for each service area or bay in the facility.  Such an area shall be for the storage of vehicles only and therefore shall not be subject to any of the dimensional requirements for parking areas.
      8. The maximum fence height in front yards may be exceeded for this use if necessary to better screen or secure vehicles placed in the long-term storage area associated with the use. In such instances, the maximum permitted height shall be six (6) feet.
    5. Bistro
      1. Light food service shall be made available during all times when wine and/or beer is served for consumption on premises.
    6. Brew Pub
      1. Any brew pub which is permitted to have off-premise alcohol sales shall meet the minimum spacing requirements of liquor stores (Section 28 – 1007.2. A. (14)).
    7. Catering
      1. No consumption of food or beverages shall be permitted on the site of the catering business when said business is located within an I-1 zoning district.
    8. Christmas Tree Sales
      1. Sales of Christmas Trees shall be permitted only between the dates of November 15 and December 26.
      2. Storage or display of the trees shall not obstruct any handicapped parking spaces, traffic signs, or site lines at entrances or exits.
      3. This use is only permitted on a temporary basis and shall be totally removed and the site returned to exact previous appearance by December 31.
    9. Commercial Kennel
      1. Any buildings or runs associated with the kennel shall be setback a minimum of 200 feet from any property line and shall be screened from view from adjacent parcels.
    10. Convenience Stores
      1. The applicant shall design and site buildings to screen from public view unsightly site elements such as shipping and loading areas, dumpsters, etc.
      2. The applicant shall provide adequate space on site for service and delivery vehicles.
      3. No entrance or exit to such a facility shall be located within one-hundred (100) feet of any intersection.
      4. Any convenience or grocery store which proposes to sell alcoholic beverages shall also be subject to the supplemental standards prescribed for liquor stores.
    11. Craft Beverage Manufacturing
      1. Any Craft Beverage Manufacturing use which is permitted to have off-premises alcohol sales shall meet the minimum spacing requirements of liquor stores, except that the minimum separation requirements from parks, shall not apply to Thompson Park.
      2. Restaurants or tasting rooms are permitted in conjunction with craft production beverage establishments. In the A-1, I-1, or BC Zoning Districts, restaurants or tasting rooms shall be limited to a maximum size of 50% of the total gross floor area of the principal building used fr processing, or 2,500 square feet, whichever is less.
      3. Off- street parking shall be provided in accordance with the standards of section 28 – 1001 of this Ordinance. The parking requirement shall be calculated by assigning the applicable standard to the corresponding area of operation. Temporary areas for overflow parking for special events shall be indicated on the site plan.
      4. Live entertainment shall be permitted. When applying for a craft beverage production establishment, the applicant shall specify the type of entertainment and days of the week and hours of the day in which entertainment is to be performed. Outdoor entertainment shall be non-amplified or located a minimum of 500 feet away from any property line.
      5. Promotional or special events, such as, but not limited to, wine/beer/etc. festivals, publicly advertised functions, conferences, workshops, fundraising or charitable functions, weddings, receptions, social events, or cultural exhibits and similar events, where the number of persons in attendance at any given time exceeds 200 persons, shall be permitted but restricted to no more than eight such events per calendar year. Smaller, less attended, functions, such as, but not limited to, tastings, private parties, facility tours, meetings or picnics, are permitted without limitation on the number of events.
      6. Craft beverage manufacturers are defined as producing no more than 20,000 barrels of beer of 36,000 gallons of distilled spirits, wine, cider or mead per year. Establishments which exceed these limits shall be considered a “Bottling or distribution station for beverages” and regulated as prescribed in this Ordinance for that use.
    12. 12.  Farmer’s Market
      1. All Farmers’ Markets and their vendors shall comply with all federal, state and local laws relating to the operation, use and enjoyment of the market premises.
      2. All Farmers’ Markets and their vendors shall obtain all required operating and health permits and these permits (or copies) shall be in the possession of the Farmers’ Market operator or the vendor, as applicable, on the site of the Farmers’ Market during all hours of operation.
      3. All Farmers’ Markets shall have a representative of the operator authorized to direct the operations of all vendors participating in the market on the site of the market during all hours of operation.
      4. All Farmers’ Markets shall establish and maintain rules of operation governing the eligibility of vendors, products that may be sold, conduct of vendors, set up of the market, etc.
    13. Hotels/Motels
      1. Accessory uses may include gift shop, beauty shop, barber shop, restaurant, cocktail lounge/night club, auditorium/meeting facilities and similar retail stores and commercial establishments.
      2. Circulation and parking shall be adequate to fulfill requirements of all proposed uses - principal and accessory.  A traffic analysis shall be provided by the applicant demonstrating adequacy of the system to the satisfaction of the Planning Commission.
      3. The applicant shall design the building roof to screen mechanical equipment from public view and to contribute to an attractive streetscape.
      4. The applicant shall develop the public streetscape between the street-front of the building and the street curb as a safe and convenient pedestrian area with attractive amenities such as paving, lighting, seating, shelter, and landscaping.
      5. The applicant shall locate amenities such as lighting, seating, shelter, and landscaping into attractive groupings that provide for safe and unobstructed pedestrian movement.
      6. The applicant shall design fences and retaining walls that are consistent in materials and quality to that of the building and the adjacent properties.
      7. The applicant shall design and locate signs so that their illumination is directed away from adjacent properties, and such that their design is integrated into the site and the streetscape.
      8. Vehicular access to the subject property shall not be by means of any street internal to a residential subdivision.
    14. Indoor Recreation Facility
      1. The minimum required lot size for this use shall be five (5) acres.
    15. Day Care Centers, Group or Large Group;
      1. Applicant shall meet the requirements of the Office of Child Care Licensing and Regulation in the Department of Human Resources of the State of Maryland, or its successor agency for Group Day Care.
      2. A Group Day Care Center or Large Group Day Care Center shall not have more day care children than the number which appears on the certificate of registration issued by the Office of Child Day Care Licensing and Regulation to such Center and Provider.
      3. The Planning Commission may prescribe specific conditions determined necessary to minimize effects of use on neighboring properties given identification of concerns specific to a particular site.
      4. The applicant shall have one hundred (100) square feet of usable outdoor recreation area for each child that may use this space at any time.  Such usable outdoor recreation area shall be identified on the site plan and shall be sufficiently buffered from adjacent residential areas.  Usable outdoor recreation areas shall be limited to the side and rear yard of the property.
      5. The day care center and provider shall comply with Article 88A of the Annotated Code of Maryland and the State Department of Human Resources regarding group day care centers.
      6. All such uses shall be located so as to permit the safe pickup and delivery of all persons on this site.
    16. Liquor Stores
      1. No liquor store shall be permitted within 1,000 feet (measured from the closest portion of the affected properties) of any of the following uses: Schools, Colleges & Universities, Houses of Worship, Family Day Care, Day Care Group, Day Care Small Group, and Park.
    17. Major Retail
      1. Applicability

        The following supplemental standards for major retail uses do not apply to any non-retail commercial uses, or the following retail uses:

        Use # 2.1 B –

        6. Auto Sales or Showroom
        31. Construction Equipment Sales or Rental
        32. Construction Supply and Services
        46. Farm Equipment, Trailer or Marine Products Sales & Service
        48. Farmers Market
        55. Greenhouses, Nurseries, etc.

      2. Facades and Exterior Walls
        1. All facades greater than 100 feet in length, measured horizontally, shall incorporate wall plane projections or recesses having a depth of at least 3% of the length of the façade.  No uninterrupted length of any façade shall exceed 100 horizontal feet.
        2. All facades shall have arcades, display windows, entry areas, awnings, or other such features along no less than 60% of their horizontal length.
      3. Detail Feature
        1. Building facades must include a repeating pattern that shall include no less than three of the elements listed below.  At least one of these elements shall repeat horizontally.  All elements shall repeat at intervals of no more than 30 feet, either horizontally or vertically:

          · Color Change
          · Texture Change
          · Material Module Change
          · Expression of architectural or structural bay through a change in plane no less than 12 inches in width, such as an offset, reveal or projecting rib.
      4. Roofs

        Roofs shall have at least two of the following features:
        1. Parapets completely concealing flat roofs and all rooftop equipment from public view.  The average height of such parapets shall not exceed 15% of the height of the supporting wall and such parapet shall not at any point exceed one-third of the height of the supporting wall.  Such parapets shall feature three-dimensional cornice treatments.
        2. Overhanging eaves, extending no less than three feet past the supporting walls.
        3. Sloping roofs that do not exceed the average height of the supporting walls, with an average slope greater than or equal to one foot of vertical rise for every three feet of horizontal run and less than or equal to one foot of vertical rise for every one foot of horizontal run.
        4. Multiple roof slope planes.
      5. Materials and Colors
        1. Predominant exterior building materials shall be high quality materials. These include, without limitation:

          · Brick
          · Wood
          · Tinted, textured, concrete masonry units
          · Other native materials

        2. The predominate façade colors shall be low reflectance, subtle, neutral, or earth tone colors.  The use of high intensity or fluorescent colors is discouraged.
        3. Building trim and accent areas may feature brighter colors, including primary colors, but neon tubing shall not be an acceptable feature for building trim or accent areas.
        4. Predominant exterior building materials shall not include the following:

          · Smooth-faced block
          · Tilt-up concrete panels
          · Pre-fabricated steel panels
          · Vinyl siding
          · Aluminum siding

      6. Entryways
        1. Each principal building on a site shall have clearly defined, highly visible customer entrances featuring at least three of the following:

          · Canopies or porticos
          · Overhangs
          · Recesses/projections
          · Arcades
          · Raised corniced parapets over the door
          · Peaked roof forms
          · Arches
          · Outdoor patios
          · Display windows
          · Architectural details such as tile work and moldings which are integrated into the building structure and design
          · Integral planters or wing walls that incorporate landscaped areas and/or places for sitting

      7. Entrances
        1. All sides of a principal building that directly face an abutting public street shall feature at least one customer entrance. Where a principal building directly faces more than two abutting public streets, this requirement shall apply only to two sides of the building, including the side of the building facing the primary street, and another side of the building facing a second street.
      8. Outdoor Storage, Trash Collection and Loading Areas
        1. Areas for outdoor storage, truck parking, trash collection or compaction, loading, or other such uses shall not be visible from abutting streets.
        2. No areas for outdoor storage, trash collection or compaction, loading, or other such uses shall be located within 25 feet of any public street, public sidewalk, or internal pedestrian way.
        3. Loading docks, truck parking, outdoor storage, utility meters, HVAC equipment, trash collection, trash compaction, and other service functions shall be incorporated into the overall design of the building and the landscaping so that the visual and acoustic impacts of these functions are fully contained and out of view from adjacent properties and public streets, and no attention is attracted to the functions by the use of screening materials that are different from or inferior to the principal materials of the building and landscape.
        4. Non-enclosed areas for the storage and sale of seasonal inventory shall be permanently defined and screened with walls and/or fences.  Materials, colors, and design of screening walls and/or fences and the cover shall conform to those used as predominant materials and colors on the building.  If such areas are to be covered, then the covering shall conform to those used as predominant materials and colors on the building.
      9. Pedestrian Flows and Bicycle Traffic
        1. Sidewalks at least eight feet in width shall be provided along all sides of the lot that abut a public street.
        2. Continuous internal pedestrian walkways, no less than eight feet in width, shall be provided from the public sidewalk or right-of-way to the principal customer entrance of all principal buildings on the site.  At a minimum, walkways shall connect focal points of pedestrian activity such as, but not limited to, transit stops, street crossings, building and store entry points, and shall feature adjoining landscaped areas that include trees, shrubs, benches, flower beds, ground covers, or other such materials for no less than 50% of its length.
        3. Sidewalks, no less than eight feet in width, shall be provided along the full length of the building along any façade featuring a customer entrance, and along any façade abutting public parking areas.  Such sidewalks shall be located at least six feet from the façade of the building to provide planting beds for foundation landscaping, except where features such as arcades or entryways are part of the façade.
        4. Internal pedestrian walkways provided in conformance with part (ii) above shall provide weather protection features such as awnings or arcades within 30 feet of all customer entrances.
        5. All internal pedestrian walkways shall be distinguished from driving surfaces through the use of durable, low maintenance surface materials such as pavers, bricks, or scored concrete to enhance pedestrian safety and comfort, as well as the attractiveness of the walkways.         
        6. Bicycle traffic shall be accommodated by providing adequate bicycle circulation routes (which may or may not be combined with the required pedestrian walkways and sidewalks) as well as bicycle storage facilities (i.e. racks or lockers).
      10. Central Features and Community Spaces
        1. Each establishment subject to these standards shall contribute to the establishment or enhancement of community and public spaces by providing at least two of the following:

          · Patio/seating area
          · Pedestrian plaza w/ benches
          · Transportation center
          · Window shopping walkway
          · Outdoor playground area
          · Kiosk area
          · Water feature
          · Clock tower
          · Other such deliberately shaped area and/or a focal feature or amenity that, in the judgement of the Planning Commission, adequately enhances such community and public spaces.

        2. Any such areas shall have direct access to the public sidewalk network and such features shall not be constructed of materials that are inferior to the principal materials of the building and landscape.
      11. Abatement of Nuisance to Neighboring Properties
        1. Neighboring properties shall be protected from site illumination, noise, odor, or any other impact which could potentially be a nuisance to those properties.
      12. Maximum Size
        1. No structure shall exceed 65,000 square feet in gross floor area. This provision shall not apply for retail stores within or adjacent to shopping centers which were approved prior (Aug. 25, 2004, including projects which involve the expansion of individual stores within an existing shopping center; or the redevelopment of an existing shopping center; or the expansion of an existing center onto an abutting site or an adjacent site; or the construction of a new retail store on a site adjacent to an existing shopping center
      13. Bus Shelter

        A bus shelter (or shelters) shall be provided to afford bus riders the opportunity to wait for their bus in a structure that protects them from inclement weather. The location of such shelter(s) shall be shown on the site plan at the sketch plan level.
    18. Mini-Warehouses
      1. Door openings for any rental unit shall face the interior of the site unless impracticable.  This shall be mandatory where the abutting property is residentially zoned.
      2. Accommodations for resident managers is permitted as an accessory component of this use.
      3. The roof shape and materials shall be compatible with the design and materials of neighboring buildings.
      4. Mini-warehouses shall be limited to storage only.  Auctions, sales, and servicing of motor vehicles, boats, trailers, lawn mowers, appliances, etc…, shall be prohibited.
      5. Internal driveway aisles shall be a minimum width of thirty (30) feet.  A driveway aisle where access to storage units is only on one side of the aisle may be reduced to twenty (20) feet.  All internal drives and parking areas shall be surfaced with asphalt, concrete, or other hard surfaced, dustless material and so constructed as to provide adequate drainage both on-site and off-site.
      6. All outdoor lighting shall be shielded to direct light and glare only onto the mini-warehouse facility and may be of sufficient intensity to discourage vandalism and theft.  Said lighting and glare shall be deflected, shaded, and focused away from all adjoining property.
      7. No outdoor storage shall be permitted.
      8. No portion of a mini-warehouse facility shall be located within three hundred feet of the right-of-way of any “major road” as indicated by Section 28 – 1009.
      9. All multi-story buildings shall have windows or architectural treatments that appear as windows.
      10. The structures should be located perpendicular to the road.
      11. Use of corrugated metal on the front facades is unacceptable.  Use of textured block, brick, wood, or stucco is preferred though flat metal may be acceptable.  Colors should be muted and complimentary with other colors used on adjacent buildings.
    19. Multiple Uses
      1. Each use must be permitted within the zone either by right or via Special Exception.
      2. Changes of use do not require additional Special Exceptions provided that the new uses are also permitted within the zone.  Any new uses that are only permitted via Special Exception shall be treated as an amendment to the Special Exception and require Planning Commission review and Board of Zoning Appeals approval.
    20. Office (For Offices located within Residential Zones)
      1. Site Plans for all office uses located within residential zones shall be reviewed and approved by the Planning Commission, regardless of the size of the building.  Site Plan review and approval shall be a condition of special exception approval.
      2. Parking lots, utility facilities or service elements and signs shall be located and/or landscaped so as to have minimal impact on surrounding residences.
      3. Building height, mass, and architecture shall be of a kind and quality that is consistent with the character of a residential neighborhood.
      4. Site lighting shall not cause a nuisance for neighboring properties and shall be of an intensity and design that is consistent with the character of a residential neighborhood.
    21. Office Parks
      1. Office Parks shall be located on a site that is at least one (1) acre in size.
      2. The lot on which the Office Park is located must have a minimum frontage of one-hundred (100) feet on a public street.
      3. The lot on which the Office Park is located must have a depth of at least one-hundred (100) feet.
      4. The project shall have a unified arrangement of buildings, service areas, parking, and landscaped areas.
      5. Materials, massing, and facade design for the project shall be harmonious with the character of the neighborhood.
      6. The internal circulation system shall be designed to minimize through traffic and traffic conflicts within the project.
      7. Safe pedestrian movement shall be required.
      8. Landscaping shall be provided in accordance with Section 28 – 1014 of this Ordinance.
    22. Outdoor Recreation Area
      1. Outdoor Recreation Areas shall have a minimum lot size of five (5) acres.
    23. Residential Use in a Commercial Building
      1. Residential uses are not permitted on the ground floor.
      2. In the CG district, residential uses shall be limited in size to no more than fifty (50%) percent of the gross floor area of the principal building.
      3. In the CR district, residential uses shall be permitted on any non-ground floor level.  There shall be no density limitation as long as the project retains ground-floor commercial activity.  If the ground floor commercial activity is abandoned, it may only be replaced with residential uses if the density standards of the CR district can be met for the building as a whole.  If as a result of any such revision the density is such that a PUD is necessary (i.e. between 9 and 30 du/ac), the application process for PUD projects must be followed.
    24. Retail Thrift or Outlet Store Operated by a Non-Profit Organization
      1. The business shall be operated by a legitimate non-profit organization, with legal IRS certification as such.
      2. There shall be no open storage nor shall any products be displayed in open areas.  Any outside storage areas shall be adequately screened and landscaped in accordance with the provisions of Section 28 – 1014 of this Ordinance.
      3. Adequate loading/unloading areas shall be provided and, if applicable, screened appropriately, in accordance with Section 28 –1014 of this Ordinance.
    25. Shopping Centers – Campus Style
      1. Shopping centers shall meet all of the supplemental standards prescribed herein for Major retail uses in addition to the standards prescribed below.
      2. Where shopping centers contain individual buildings of less than 25,000 square feet of gross floor area, with multiple businesses with separate, exterior customer entrances:
        1. The street level façade of such stores shall be transparent between the height of three feet and eight feet above the walkway grade for no less than 60% of the horizontal length of the building façade.
        2. Windows shall be recessed and should include visually prominent sills, shutters, or other such forms of framing.
      3. The applicant or developer of a shopping center shall submit a General Signage Plan as part of the sketch PUD plan.  Signage for shopping centers shall be consistent throughout the center and shall be designed as part of the architectural design of the building(s).  Directional and information signs shall be adequately provided and design coordinated.
      4. A traffic study shall be provided by the developer.  Traffic associated with the shopping center shall not diminish the quality or efficiency of the transportation system of the surrounding area.  Vehicular access shall be by means of a major or minor collector.
      5. Any use that is permitted within the zone in which the shopping center is proposed shall be permitted to locate within said shopping center without the need for further action by the Planning Commission or the Board of Zoning Appeals.  Special Exception uses proposed with the initial submission shall require Planning Commission review and approval in order to locate within an approved shopping center.  Special Exception uses proposed after the shopping center is approved and which represent merely a substitution of one Special Exception use for another, shall require approval by the Easton Board of Zoning Appeals (as a Special Exception).  Special Exception uses which replace outright permitted uses or which represent an expansion of the shopping center shall require an amendment to the PUD.  Prohibited uses shall not be permitted to locate within the shopping center.
    26. Shopping Centers – Strip
      1. The intent of these provisions is to encourage the expansion of the traditional Central-Business District and the conversion of existing strip shopping centers to a more urban, neo-traditional style of development.
      2. Strip shopping centers are only permitted in the CR zoning district or via the PUD process as a redevelopment of an existing shopping center.
      3. The nearest point of any principal structure shall be setback no more than 15 feet from the property line.
      4. The aesthetic impact of off-street parking shall be minimized by locating such parking in accordance with the following priority schedule:
        1. Either behind the building or in an interior courtyard;
        2. In side yards;
        3. In the least prominent front yard on multiple frontage lots only.
      5. Bus Shelters

        A bus shelter (or shelters) shall be provided to afford bus riders the opportunity to wait for their bus in a structure that protects them from inclement weather.  The location of such shelter(s) shall be shown on the site plan at the sketch plan level.
    27. Winery
      1. A winery shall comply with all regulations of the Maryland Annotated Code, Article 2B, and the Talbot County Alcoholic Beverages Regulations, including but not limited to any licensing provisions.
      2. Wholesale and retail sales of wine, grape, or fruit products produced on the premises are allowed.  Retail sales of merchandise or items other than wine is allowed within a tasting room or a gift shop, and must be directly related to the winery and limited to items like souvenirs, clothes bearing the winery logo, or other wine-related items.
      3. Areas designated for wine tasting (tasting rooms) are permitted but shall not exceed 50% of the total gross floor area of the principal building used for processing wine or 2,500 square feet, whichever is less.
      4. Snack foods or prepackaged foods like sandwiches, soups, or salads that are consumed on the premises are allowed.  A commercial restaurant may also be permitted in association with the winery in the CG or CL Zoning Districts.
      5. Promotional or special events, such as, but not limited to, wine festivals, publicly advertised functions, conferences, workshops, fund-raising or charitable functions, weddings, receptions, social events or cultural exhibits where the number of persons in attendance at any given time exceeds 200 persons shall be permitted but restricted to no more than eight such events per calendar year.  Smaller less attended functions, such as, but not limited to, wine tastings, private parties, winery tours, meetings or picnics are permitted without limitation on the number of events.
      6. Off-street parking shall be provided in accordance with the standards of Section 28 – 1001 of this Ordinance.  The parking requirement shall be calculated by assigning the applicable standard to the corresponding area of the operation (i.e. apply the restaurant standard to the area used as a restaurant, apply the retail standard to any gift shop, apply the manufacturing standard to the portion used for processing, etc…).  Temporary Area(s) for overflow parking for special events shall be indicated on the site plan.
      7. Live Entertainment shall be permitted at a winery.  When applying for a winery, the applicant shall specify the type of entertainment and days of the week and hours of the day in which entertainment is to be performed.  Outdoor entertainment shall be non-amplified or located a minimum of 500 feet from any property line.
    28. Fitness Centers/ Sports Training Facilities/ Health Spa/ Figure Salons
      1. In the I-1 and BC districts, fitness centers/sports training facilities/health spa/figure salon must consist of contiguous interior space, under single ownership or management, of at least 10,000 square feet.

28 – 1007.3 INDUSTRIAL USES

  1. Specific industrial uses shall be subject to the following supplemental standards:
    1. Agriculture, controlled-environment
      1. In addition to common agricultural activities, agriculture, controlled- environment may also include elements of manufacturing, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, etc.
      2. Retail sales of agricultural products grown and/or processed on-site shall be permitted provided they are of a scale that is clearly secondary and incidental to the primary agricultural-based use of the property.
      3. Applicant shall demonstrate and maintain compliance with any State and/or Federal Standards or Rules regulating the particular good or product being grown or processed on-site.
    2. Industrial Parks
      1. Industrial Parks shall be located on a site that is at least one (1) acre in size.
      2. The lot on which the Industrial Park is located must have a minimum frontage of one-hundred (100) feet on a public street.
      3. The lot on which the Industrial Park is located must have a depth of at least one-hundred (100) feet.
      4. The project shall have a unified arrangement of buildings, service areas, parking, and landscaped areas.
      5. Materials, massing, and facade design for the project shall be harmonious with the character of the neighborhood.
      6. The internal circulation system shall be designed to minimize through traffic and traffic conflicts within the project.
      7. The vehicular plan shall provide for safe pedestrian movement.
      8. The applicant shall design and site buildings to screen from public view unsightly site elements such as shipping and loading areas, equipment storage areas, dumpsters, etc.
      9. All operations (except for permitted outdoor storage) shall be located in a wholly enclosed building.
      10. The release, disposal, or storage of waste materials shall not be visible from off-site.  All trash and refuse shall be stored in self-enclosed storage areas.
      11. There shall be no outside storage of the finished product.  Bulk storage of the finished product in a wholly enclosed building shall be considered an accessory use.
      12. An impact statement shall be submitted with the site plan which explains:
        1. The proposed architectural design (graphic or narrative) of all buildings and structures.
        2. The proposed hours of operation.
        3. The provisions to be made for control of noxious and offensive odors.
        4. The air pollution, water quality, and noise control measures to be taken.
        5. The type and amount of traffic expected to be generated.
      13. Landscaping shall be provided in accordance with Section 28 – 1014 of this Ordinance.
    3. Industry, Heavy
      1. Applications for a heavy industrial use shall be accompanied by a statement or report describing the nature of the proposed use, any toxic, hazardous, explosive or otherwise potentially dangerous substances associated with the use, expected truck traffic, and any other information necessary to provide a fair and accurate assessment of the impacts of the proposed use on the subject property and the surrounding area.
      2. Heavy industrial uses may contain potentially hazardous substances, but shall not pose any threat to the quality of the air, water, or land of the subject property or the surrounding area.
      3. Heavy industrial uses shall be setback a minimum of 200 feet from any property line.
    4. Industry, Heavy with no potentially hazardous or commonly recognized offensive conditions
      1. Applications for this use shall be accompanied by a statement or report describing the nature of the proposed use, it’s expected impact on its surrounding area, expected truck traffic, and any other information necessary to provide a fair and accurate assessment of the impacts of the proposed use on the subject property and the surrounding area.
      2. Heavy industrial uses shall be setback a minimum of 200 feet from any property line.
    5. Industry, Light
      1. Applications for this use shall be accompanied by a statement or report describing the nature of the proposed use, it’s expected impact on its surrounding area, expected truck traffic, and any other information necessary to provide a fair and accurate assessment of the impacts of the proposed use on the subject property and the surrounding area.

28 – 1007.4 MISCELLANEOUS USES

  1. Specific Miscellaneous Uses Shall be Subject to the Following Supplemental Standards:
    1. Carnivals/Circuses/Public Events
      1. Those Carnivals/Circuses/Public Events of a scale such that unusual congestion on the streets or traffic patterns can be expected shall require a Public Assembly Permit approved by the Easton Town Council.  Such uses which receive Town Council approval of a Public Assembly Permit shall not require Temporary Use approval by the Town Planner or Planning Commission.
    2. Crematorium
      1. Applicant shall obtain and comply with all requisite State/Federal permits or rules and regulations
    3. Garage, Private or Shed
      1. Detached garages or sheds may be located outside the building envelope.  They must meet side setback requirements except for sheds that do not exceed ten feet in height which may be located in side yards within three feet of the property line.  They may not be constructed in any front yard, except in the case of through lots in which case they may be constructed in the non-access front yard.
      2. Any garage, shed, or parking stall shall be setback a minimum of 15 feet from the centerline of any alley, if there is not an alley in the rear of the property the required setback is zero feet.
      3. Garages or sheds, together with a swimming pool (if one is present), may occupy no more than 50% of the rear yard area.
    4. Mobile Food Uses
      1. These regulations shall apply only to mobile food uses located on private property.  Mobile food uses operated on public property (e.g. streets or sidewalks) are regulated elsewhere in the Town Code.
      2. Mobile food uses shall comply with all applicable health codes and operators shall provide proof of health department approval upon application for a Temporary Use.
      3. Mobile food uses shall operate in association with another approved Temporary Use (e.g. a Special Event, Carnival, etc…).  An exception to this standard shall be mobile food uses that are primarily intended to serve work crews at active construction sites.
      4. Mobile food uses shall not remain at any one location for more than two days more than the duration of the Special Event (or other permitted Temporary Use) with which it is associated.  The two additional days are provided to allow for set-up and take-down of the mobile food unit, not for additional days of operation.
    5. Sale of Merchandise in Parking Lots From Automobiles, Temporary Structures, etc.
      1. Temporary sales of merchandise from automobiles, temporary structures, etc., shall be allowed subject to a Temporary Use permit.
      2. Such sales shall be conducted from an off-street parking area or a storage/display area.
      3. No vehicle or structure used for such sales shall be located within any required parking spaces and shall not block any drive aisles.
      4. Such sales may not occur on more than 10 days in a calendar year and no more than two days in succession.
    6. Special Office Uses
      1. No structure shall be used as a Special Office Use unless it has been approved for such use as a Special Exception by the Board of Zoning Appeals.  In addition to the procedures for considering an application for a special exception as set forth in Section 28 – 1303.5.B of this Ordinance, the Board of Appeals shall make those considerations required by this subsection.
      2. No structure shall be used as a Special Office Use unless it is an existing structure located within an Historic District or is one of the structures identified by the Easton Historic District Commission as being of architectural or historic significance in the Town of Easton.
      3. Any structure used as a Special Office Use must meet all applicable fire, safety and health codes and regulations.
      4. Each Special Office Use must provide one (1) off-street parking space for each employee in addition to one (1) off-street customer space per office.  Spaces are to be located on the property in such a manner as to minimize any adverse impact upon the appearance of the property and to minimize the destruction of shrubs and trees readily visible from a public way.  In granting a Special Exception for a Special Office Use, the Board of Appeals shall specify appropriate buffers to separate parking areas from adjoining residential properties.
      5. Any application for Special Office Use must include a site plan prepared in accordance with the standards set forth in Section 28 – 301 of this Ordinance.  Any application for a Special Office Use shall be reviewed by both the Planning Commission and the Easton Historic District Commission.  In reviewing such applications, the Easton Historic District Commission will act in an advisory capacity rather than in its administrative capacity as defined elsewhere in this Section.  The Easton Historic District Commission can conduct its investigation of the application and shall submit its written findings and recommendations to the Board of Appeals before the scheduled hearing on the special exception application.  The Easton Historic District Commission shall also serve a copy of its findings and recommendations to the Applicant.  The Board of Appeals shall consider the findings and recommendations made by the Easton Historic District Commission, but it shall not be bound by such findings and recommendations.  The grant of powers to the Easton Historic District Commission to review the applications for special exception for a Special Office Use stated herein shall in no way limit the powers conferred upon the Easton Historic District Commission to approve of changes to, and otherwise regulate property within, the Historic District as set forth herein.
    7. Small Wind Energy Turbine
      1. Height shall be limited to 150 feet measured to the tip of the turbine when it reaches its highest elevation.
      2. The base of the wind turbine shall not be closer to surrounding property lines than the height of the wind turbine unless a MD Registered Professional Engineer certifies the fall zone of the wind turbine and appurtenances will be within the setback area proposed.  In addition, no wind turbine shall be located closer to an inhabited structure on adjacent property than 1.5 times the height if the wind turbine.  Relief from this section may be granted if the applicant can secure a permanent easement from the adjoining property owner(s) providing for a fall zone.
      3. Small wind energy systems must comply with applicable FAA regulations, including any necessary approvals for installations close to airports.  Evidence of compliance or non-applicability shall be submitted with the application.
      4. No small wind energy system shall be installed until evidence has been given that the appropriate utility company has been informed of the customer’s intent to install an interconnected customer-owned generator.  Off-grid systems shall be exempt from this requirement.
      5. Small wind energy towers shall maintain a galvanized finish or be painted to conform with the tower color to the surrounding environment to reduce visual obtrusiveness.
      6. Any wind energy system that is not functional shall be repaired by the owner or removed within three months of ceasing to operate or notice from the Town.
    8. Solar Panels, Roof Mounted
      1. The solar panel collection cells must be located on a roof and shall be screened insofar as possible.
      2. The solar panels shall be used for on-site energy consumption only.
      3. The solar panels shall be used in accordance with the approved electric company tariff in which they are served.
    9. Solar Panels, Array
      1. Shall be screened from adjoining residentially zoned districts and public rights-of-way.  Screening shall be determined by the Board of Zoning Appeals.
    10. Towers
      1. It must be demonstrated that the location of a tower is required for a specific antenna or antennas. No tower shall be constructed for speculative reasons.
      2. It must be demonstrated that an attempt has been made to locate the antenna on an existing tower or another suitable structure.
      3. Towers shall be located a minimum distance from any existing residential structure or lot platted for the purpose of constructing a single residential structure equal to the height of the tower plus ten (10) feet.
      4. It must be demonstrated that any tower is in compliance with all federal regulations (FAA, FCC) prior to the Board of Appeals approval of a tower.
      5. Towers shall not exceed 200 feet in height and shall be self-supporting.
      6. Tower should be designed to accommodate additional antennas.
      7. Buffer screens as per the provisions of Section 28 – 1014, Landscaping and Buffering, shall be provided surrounding any tower structure and any accessory equipment building.
      8. To the extent possible while maintaining the requisite functionality of the tower, towers shall be positioned on a site so as to minimize the visual impacts of the tower from all public streets.  To accomplish this a tower should generally be buffered by buildings, landscaping and/or other site features.
      9. Nothing in these regulations is intended to supersede applicable Federal or State law.  In the event that the regulations set forth in Section 28 – 1007.4 (A) 8. conflict with such laws, the applicable State and/or Federal laws shall apply.
    11. Donation Bins
      1. No person or other legal entity shall place or maintain any Donation Bin on the premises open to the public except when issued by the Building Inspection Division in accordance with this section.
      2.  All Donation Bins shall be appropriately located so as not to interfere with site triangles, on-site circulation, required setbacks, landscaping, parking and any other requirements that have been imposed as part of the site plan approval for the property, and shall be placed on a concrete surface.
      3. The Donation Bin shall be of a type that is enclosed by use of a receiving door and locked so that the contents of the bin may not be accessed by anyone other than those responsible for the retrieval of the contents.
      4. The Donation Bin shall not cover a ground surface area in excess of thirty-one square feet, nor be more than six feet in height.
      5. Donation Bins must be maintained and kept in good repair. The Donation Bins area shall be maintained in a safe, orderly condition. Donation bins shall have no rust, peeling paint or graffiti. The areas around the Donation Bin must be kept clean and free of garbage and debris on the premises where the Donation Bin is located. Each Donation Bin shall be regularly emptied of its contents so that it does not overflow.
      6. There shall be no more than two Donation Bins per property.
      7. A permit for a Donation Bin shall be required. The permit shall be issued by the Building Inspection Division, but can only be granted in compliance with the followed:
        1. The Donation Bin is for use by a duly registered organization in good standing in the State of Maryland. The applicant shall submit a statement or declaration of whether the organization is “for profit” or “not for profit”. If the organization is “not for profit” , it must submit proof of the organization’s 501(c)(3) designation;
        2. Each duly registered nonprofit organization shall be permitted to have a maximum of eight (8) Donation Bins within the Town of Easton;
        3. The type, size and location of the Donation Bin comply with this subsection;
        4. The applicant submits a letter of authority/permission from the property owners upon which the Donation Bin is proposed to be located;
        5. The name, address and telephone number of the nonprofit organization is displayed on each Donation Bin.
        6. The names of recipients of any donations or funds raised from the sale of the donations are displayed on each Donation Bin. If the organization is “for profit” the donation bin shall be labeled “For Profit” and “Not Tax Deductible”; and
        7. All information required to be displayed on the Donation Bin shall be in lettering not smaller than three (3) inches tall and must be in contrasting color with the background.
    12. Storage of boats, travel trailers, motorcycles, jet-skis or other similar recreationally used vehicles
      1. No more than one boat, one trailer and two motorcycles may be kept in open storage on a lot.
      2. For lots with improved alleys, the storage or overnight parking of such vehicles is restricted to the rear yard only.  For lots without improved rear alleys, such vehicles must be kept either in the rear yard or in the side yard behind the front plane of that portion of the house nearest to the side yard.  Stored vehicles shall not encroach into side setback areas.
      3. On corner lots storage is permitted in either side yard behind the plane of the house closest to that yard.
      4. The provisions of Section 28 – 1203, Non-Conforming Use of Land (Not Within Structures), shall not be applicable to any outside storage of a boat, trailer, motorcycle, jet-ski or other similar vehicle or vessel.
    13. PODS
      1. May not remain on-site for more than 30 days.
      2. Shall meet applicable setbacks.
      3. The 30-day time limit may be extended for an additional 30 day period by the Town Planner, upon request of the applicant, for good cause.  PODS utilized as part of a longer term temporary use or construction project may be considered and approved by the Planning Commission in the course of the necessary approvals for said project.

SECTION 28 – 1008 VISIBILITY AT INTERSECTIONS

28 – 1008.1 PURPOSE

As an aid to the safe movement of vehicles at and near street intersections and in order to promote adequate protection of pedestrians, the following provisions shall apply to all corner lots.  On all such lots, there shall be limitations on the height of fences, walls, gateways, ornamental structures, hedges, shrubbery and other fixtures, construction and plantings.

28 – 1008.2 STANDARDS

Such barriers to clear unobstructed visions at intersecting streets shall be limited to a height of not over three feet above the established elevation of the nearest curb, for a distance of twenty-five (25) feet along both front lot lines, measured from the point of intersection of the said intersecting lot lines.  No natural plantings or construction shall be permitted at a height over three (3) feet within the isosceles triangle formed by connecting the ends of the respective twenty-five (25) foot distances.  The unobstructed view shall be maintained for all spaces between three (3) and ten (10) feet in height.

Within the said triangle, and in cases where front yards are terraced, the ground elevation of such front yards shall not exceed three (3) feet above the established curb elevation at the said intersecting streets.

SECTION 28 – 1009 SETBACKS FROM MAJOR ROADS

In all districts there shall be minimum setbacks of forty (40) feet from the right-of-way line or property lines bordering the following major roads:        

  1. U.S. Route 50
  2. Md. Route 322
  3. Md. Route 333
  4. Md. Route 33 (except that portion east of MD Route 322; i.e. Bay Street)
  5. Md. Route 328
  6. Md. Route 331

SECTION 28 – 1010 MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS GOVERNING THE PROVISION AND APPROVAL OF COMMON USE AREAS AND/OR FACILITIES

28 – 1010.1 PURPOSE

It is the intent of this section to establish minimum standards and requirements which shall constitute prerequisites for approval of all common use areas and/or facilities.  These provisions shall apply to all such proposed areas and facilities including but not limited to cluster and multi-family development, shopping centers, office or business parks, and industrial parks.

These provisions are designed to assure that all common use areas and/or facilities are planned, constructed, managed, and maintained in a suitable manner. They are necessary to assure that such areas become integral parts of various developments as proposed at the time of approval.

28 – 1010.2 REQUIREMENTS

The following requirements governing the approval of common use areas and/or facilities shall apply:

  1. All such areas and/or facilities shall be planned as an integral part of all developments and shall be so located as to permit accessibility to said areas by residents, users, or occupants.
  2. All such areas and/or facilities shall be reserved in perpetuity for residents, users, or occupants of the proposed development or the general public.
  3. All such areas and/or facilities shall be owned or controlled by the applicants at the time of the submission.  Evidence of such control, in the form of an appropriate legal document, shall accompany said submission.
  4. All such areas and/or facilities shall be controlled, beginning at a time determined by the Planning Commission by residents, users or occupants of the proposed development or the general public.  Evidence of said controls shall be submitted to the Planning Commission for their review.
  5. Provisions for the continuing maintenance management and control, in the form of a legal agreement such as deed restrictions, covenants, or by-laws, or agreement with the Town of Easton, shall be provided the Planning Commission.
  6. Once approved, none of the requirements for common use areas and/or facilities may be changed, without the review and approval of the Planning Commission.  The Commission shall hold a Public Hearing before acting upon all such changes.

SECTION 28 – 1011 TEMPORARY STRUCTURES

Temporary buildings and structures including mobile homes, office trailers and storage trailers incidental to construction work on the premises may be placed in all zones after a permit has been issued.  When such construction work is completed or abandoned, or in six months, whichever comes first, such building or structures shall be removed unless the zoning inspector shall grant an extension which in no event will allow the temporary building or structure to remain on the premises past the time of completion of the construction work on the premises.  For residential projects a sales trailer is allowed with a building permit, said trailer shall be removed upon issuance of occupancy permit for the first unit.

SECTION 28 – 1012 SPECIAL YARD REQUIREMENTS – CRITICAL AREA BUFFER

The following special yard requirements shall apply within the Critical Area Overlay District ("CAO"):

  1. Except as provided for water dependent facilities in Article V, new development activities, including structures, roads, parking areas, impervious surfaces, and septic systems are not permitted in the Buffer.
  2. Qualifying grandfathered lots in a designated Buffer Exemption Area will be exempted from the full Buffer requirements but shall comply with the requirements of the Buffer Exemption Area as described in the Town's Critical Area Program.

SECTION 28 – 1013 STANDARDS FOR PLACEMENT OF SATELLITE DISH ANTENNAS

The following special requirements shall apply to the placement of satellite dish antennas:

  1. Satellite Dish Antennas of two (2) feet or less in diameter shall be permitted on the roof of structures and should be located out of view from public rights-of-way if possible.
  2. Dishes up to ten (10) feet in diameter are permitted provided they are located in a side or rear yard and meet applicable setback regulations.
  3. In commercial or industrial districts, satellite dishes of eight (8) feet or less in diameter, may be located on a roof upon review of the Planning and Zoning Commission.

SECTION 28 – 1014 LANDSCAPING AND BUFFERING

All districts or uses requiring landscaping, buffering, and vegetation/forest protection shall meet the appropriate provisions of this Section. The provisions of this Section are considered minimum standards. The Town recognizes that due to the peculiarities of any given site and development proposal, the inflexible application of these landscape improvement standards may result in impractical or unnecessary site improvements that contribute little value toward enhancing the appearance of development. Therefore, the Town (through the Planning Commission) may permit deviations from the presumptive requirements of Section 28 – 1014 when the applicant can demonstrate that the proposed land planning, site planning, architectural or landscape architectural design solutions offer the appropriate “appearance” desired for development and growth in the Town of Easton. For projects requiring overlay zoning designations, variances or special exceptions, the Planning Commission may require additional landscape improvements.

28 – 1014.1 PURPOSE

  1. Landscape, buffering, and vegetation/forest protection design shall be developed and integrated with the site plan or subdivision design. It shall be conceived in a total pattern across the site, integrating the various elements of site design, preserving and enhancing the particular identity of the site, and creating a pleasing site character.
  2. Required landscape improvements shall be dominated by trees, but may include all plant material types suitable and consistent with the flora and fauna of the region. Additional landscape improvements may also include other elements including rocks, water, sculpture, art, walls, fences, paving materials and street furniture.
  3. This Section applies to all sites and to both new development and renovation/redevelopment of existing sites. When conflicting ordinances or regulations apply, the stricter of the regulations shall take precedence.
  4. Sites or development activities under the jurisdiction of the Town of Easton Forest Conservation Ordinance must also meet the requirements of that Ordinance, subject to possible overlapping credits outlined herein.

28 – 1014.2 LANDSCAPE PLAN(S)

  1. A “sketch” or “concept” landscape plan may be required during the site plan or subdivision review process. Refer to applicable Zoning Ordinance sections for this requirement. At a minimum, these plans shall indicate existing site vegetation to be cleared and/or preserved, general location and type of proposed landscaping (ie., shade/canopy tree, evergreen tree, shrub/hedge, etc.) and preliminary tabular data addressing landscape improvement requirements. Applicants are encouraged, and the Planning Commission may require, the submission of additional sketches, cross-sections, elevations or other graphic elements that help convey the design intent of landscape improvements.
  2. A “preliminary” (note: final plan in the Town of Easton equals an As-Built Plan) landscape improvement plan or street tree/bufferyard plan (hereinafter referred to collectively as landscape plans), prepared by a landscape architect registered in the State of Maryland, or other person determined by the Town Planner to be qualified, shall be submitted when required in the site plan or subdivision review process. At a minimum, the preliminary landscape plan shall include the following:
    1. tabular data indicating landscape improvement requirements and bufferyard requirements
    2. existing vegetation and vegetative specimens to be preserved and protective measures proposed during construction and disturbance activities
    3. proposed landscape improvement locations
    4. planting specifications as to plant species, plant quantity, correct plant nomenclature, and installation size and spacing
    5. installation specifications and details if necessary
    6. planting schedule and phasing
    7. required inspection schedule and procedures (for contractor benefit)
    8. reference to, or (preferred) inclusion of the any Forest Conservation afforestation or reforestation plan as a sheet of the landscape plan set
  3. All preliminary landscape plans shall include on the plan drawing, at a minimum, the following standard notes, modified to suit specific projects or conditions.
    1. Landscape installer shall verify the location of all underground utilities prior to commencing work. Installer shall insure that final grades have been established and the site is ready for landscape installation.
    2. Landscape installer shall maintain the landscape improvement areas in a clean condition, removing debris daily and at the completion of the installation.
    3. Installer shall layout all beds and position plants per the plans. Adjust as required for field conditions. Report significant adjustments to the Owner for approval prior to plant installation. All bed areas shall be sprayed with herbicide as needed to kill and/or remove all weed or grass vegetation.
    4. Except for tree spade installations, all tree pits shall be excavated to a depth so that the root ball will rest on solid soil at the proper height. Street trees planting pits shall be excavated and worked in a rectangular form with the small dimension twice the diameter of the root ball and the large dimension at least three times the diameter of the root ball. Open area tree pits shall be excavated to a minimum dimension of twice the rootball width. Trees planted on slopes or side swales shall be installed at a height relating to the uphill side of the pit, and mounded with soil around the lower side. All sides and bottom of tree planting pits shall be scarified or loosened to permit root growth.  Excavated soils that have been previously undisturbed shall be loosened and utilized for backfill. Compacted soils that cannot be restored to a reasonable planting soil shall be removed and replaced with friable native soils from the region.
    5. All shrub planting pits, landscape beds and planting mass areas shall be worked to a depth of 12" (or raised slightly to achieve a 12" friable soil depth).  Shrub planting areas shall be worked to 12" minimum outside the root ball.
    6. All landscape beds shall be “v” edged and mulched with minimum 3" double shredded hardwood bark mulch, or approved equal. Mulch to fence lines or back of curbs where appropriate to eliminate narrow grass areas. Avoid mulch piled against tree trunks, etc.
    7. All trees to be staked and guyed with hardwood stakes, minimum of two (2) - 5' long, or other approved guying system. Stakes shall be driven into stable soils. Provide wire guys with rubber protectant or other approved industry practice.
    8. Landscape Installer shall maintain all plant materials through the completion of the landscape installation, and then as required by the Owner.
    9. At the completion of the landscape installation (or by phased completion if provided for on the plan), the Owner, or his designated representative shall request an inspection by Town of Easton.

28 – 1014.3 MINIMUM PLANT MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

  1. Plant Sources:    All required plant material shall be obtained from reputable nursery stock growers or relocated from on-site or other sites via nursery standard plant handling and digging methods. The Town may reject plant material grown, handled or installed improperly.
  2. Species Selection:    Acceptable plant species shall include most plant material native, or successfully introduced and available in the Mid-Atlantic region with the following exceptions:
    1. Pyrus calleryana ‘Bradfordi’          Bradford Pear                              all locations
    2. Ginkgo biloba (female)                                                                 all locations
    3. Ailanthus altissima                      Tree of Heaven                            street trees only
    4. Sorbus acuparia                           Mountain Ash                             street trees only
    5. Acer rubrum ‘October Glory’         Red Maple                                 street trees only
    6. Hybrid Poplar                                                                             limit to buffers, open spaces
    7. Lombardy Poplar                                                                         all locations
    8. White Birch                                                                               street trees only
    9. Morus alba                                 Mulberry                                    all locations
    10. Osage Orange                                                                              street trees only
    11. Black, Honey Locust(species only)                                                 all locations

      Species Appropriate to Certain Locations:    Consult the advice of a qualified professional when selecting plant species and varieties for use in select areas. Small ornamental, weeping or other low growing varieties shall not be utilized for street trees. Consider plant form and growth habit along with physiological requirements when selecting plant species. Provide a mix of species and varieties for any given project. For most subdivisions, street tree species shall vary through the subdivision.
  3. Plant Size at Installation:    Unless otherwise specifically stated in Section 28 – 615, all required plant material shall conform to the following minimum size specification at installation.

    Caliper = tree trunk diameter measured at 12” above finished ground level
    Height = tree or plant height measured from finished ground level
    Spread = horizontal width (diameter) of plant
    1. Deciduous, Shade/Canopy Trees              2” Caliper
    2. Understory, Flowering Trees                               1.25’ caliper and minimum 7’ height
    3. Evergreen trees                                          minimum 7’ height
    4. Upright Shrubs                                         18’ height
    5. Spreading Shrubs                                      18’ spread
    6. Groundcovers or Low Spreading Plans    12’spread
  4. Other Landscape Improvement Standards
    1. Earth Berms; minimum 3:1 side slopes and minimum 2’ wide crown unless otherwise approved. (steeper slopes may be approved with adequate vegetation and stabilization) Avoid planting on crown unless special provisions exist for watering and maintenance. Berm layout shall vary and demonstrate varying heights and widths. See Figure 10-1 (Note:  all figures are provided at the end of this Article).
    2. Reverse Berms; combination cut and fill situations, same standards as for earth berms.  See Figure 10-2.
    3. Walls and Fences shall incorporate materials and detailing used in the applicants building architecture. Avoid long runs of straight wall or fence, vary horizontal and vertical layout, soften impact of plain walls and fences with plant material and/or berming.  See Figure 10-3.
    4. Chain Link Fencing is not preferred.  Where chain link fencing is used to secure land uses or areas for outside storage, service/loading or other visually disruptive activities, and unless otherwise adequately buffered, the applicant shall provide a combination of decorative slats or opaque product addition in subtle colors, greens and browns preferred, or colors that complement building and landscape, and with added landscaping along the exterior perimeter of these areas.

28 – 1014.4 WARRANTY OF LANDSCAPE IMPROVEMENTS

  1. Prior to issuance of an occupancy permit, the approved preliminary landscape plan shall be implemented by the applicant. At completion, the applicant shall request that the Town inspect the complete landscaping and issue the appropriate approval. The Town recognizes that planting schedules and favorable weather/climatic conditions do not always coincide. The Applicant shall make every reasonable effort to coordinate building and site construction with landscape improvement installation so that all project construction can be complete prior to request for occupancy permits. Upon demonstrating that some or all of the required landscape improvements should be postponed, and subject to the approval of the Town, the applicant shall post an irrevocable financial surety equal to the estimated installation costs as approved by the Town, guaranteeing the complete implementation of the landscape plan within 6 months of occupancy or use of the site or subdivision. After installation is complete and inspected and approved by the Town, the applicant shall request in writing to the Town to release any unused portion of the surety.
  2. The owner/developer shall maintain all landscape improvements providing adequate growing conditions to insure healthy, vigorous plant survival and growth. The Town reserves the right to periodically review installed landscapes and report any significant deficiencies to the owner/developer. At the end of two growing seasons, and/or at any time prior to, the Town shall assess the landscape improvements and direct replacement or revitalization of any deficient areas. The owner shall repair or replace deficient items within 30 calendar days.
  3. Failure to maintain, repair or replace the required and approved landscape improvements shall be considered a violation of this Ordinance and shall be enforced in accordance with Section 28 – 1308 herein.

28-1014.5 FOREST CONSERVATION OVERLAPPING REQUIREMENTS

  1. Retention and preservation of existing forest under a related Forest Conservation Plan for the same site, may, subject to conditions of this Section, be credited against the minimum landscape improvement requirements of this Section.
  2. Landscape plantings required in this Section, and meeting the size and specification requirements of this Section, may be credited against afforestation or reforestation requirements of a related Forest Conservation Plan for the same site, in accordance with the following schedule:
    1. Deciduous, shade/canopy trees (assumed 22’ avg. canopy) 400 sq. ft. area
    2. Evergreen trees (assumed 18’ avg. canopy)                            250 sq. ft. area
    3. Understory trees (assumed 12’ avg. canopy)                         125 sq. ft. area
  3. Afforestation or Reforestation plantings required under a related Forest Conservation Plan for the same site, may be credited against the required landscape improvements of this Section only when the plantings meet the minimum size and locational requirements outlined in this Section.

28-1014.6 LANDSCAPE IMPROVEMENTS

  1. Single Family Detached and/or Duplex Residential Subdivisions
    1. Street trees shall be required on all streets except for alleys or as otherwise determined by the Planning Commission. Determine number of required trees by computing street centerline length(s) and dividing by (25) equals total number of required street trees; credit against requirement wherever existing forest or individual trees over 6” caliper will be “effectively” preserved in or within 5’ of prescribed street r/w. Street trees shall generally be consistently spaced, although some clustering and massing at accent or focal points may be permitted. A minimum of 80% of the required street tree plantings shall be deciduous, shade/canopy type trees as approved by the Planning Commission.
    2. Bufferyards required per 10-4.
  2. Attached Residential Housing Development including Townhouse Subdivisions, Condominiums, and Apartments or as otherwise determined by Planning Commission (development product of these types that effectively integrate attached housing within a mixed use or single family residential subdivision may be excluded from the requirements of this section and shall then comply with the applicable subdivision sections).
    1. Overall minimum tree plantings required (excluding required bufferyards) shall be three (3.0) trees per residential unit. At a minimum, the required tree plantings shall be located as follow:
      1. Street Trees (both public and private streets) - one(1) deciduous, shade/canopy tree per 25’ of street centerline length.  Trees to be planted along both sides of street, behind curb and inside sidewalk wherever possible or otherwise within 15’ of curb line.
      2. Parking Lots/Parking Courts- one (1) deciduous, shade/canopy per five (5) spaces to be located within the parking lot interior. See Figure 10-5.  Trees shall be located within the parking bays so that no more than 10 parking spaces form an uninterrupted row. Trees shall be planted within an area of pervious space of at least 64 sq. ft. allocated per tree, with no dimension of any parking lot planting island less than six feet (6’).
      3. All parking lots shall be landscaped with an evergreen shrub hedge which will grow to a minimum 42” height within 5 years along all sides excluding the building or facility access side(s). Shrubs shall be spaced to form a continuous hedge within 5 years. Required Bufferyards may replace all or part of this requirement when the applicant can demonstrate that effective screening will be achieved. See figure 10-6.
      4. Balance of required three (3) trees/unit to be planted around structures, on lots and/or common open space areas. A minimum of 25% of these trees shall be evergreen. Bufferyard plantings may be supplemented with these trees if it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Planning Commission that the overall appearance and screening needs of the project would be better served.
    2. Shrub and Groundcover Plantings- shrubs and groundcovers shall be integrated into the site and landscape plan to complement architectural design, screen objectionable views, separate pedestrian activities from vehicular travel ways, stabilize sensitive or eroding areas and other applications that contribute to the overall landscape appearance. The applicant shall provide shrub and groundcover plantings or demonstrate why they are unnecessary, impractical or not effective in providing an acceptable landscape appearance.
  3. Non-Residential Subdivisions
    1. Street trees shall be required on all streets except for alleys or as otherwise determined by the Planning Commission. Determine number of required trees by computing street centerline length(s) and dividing by (35) equals total number of required street trees; credit against requirement wherever existing forest or individual trees over 6” caliper will be “effectively” preserved in or within 5’ of prescribed street r/w. Street trees shall generally be consistently spaced, although some clustering and massing at accent or focal points may be permitted. A minimum of 80% of the required street tree plantings shall be deciduous, shade/canopy type trees as approved by the Planning Commission.
    2. Bufferyards required per Section 28 – 1014.7.E.
  4. Commercial/Office and or Accessory Residential Uses in CR Zoning District
    1. This land use type(s) presents many opportunities, limitations and site specific challenges for landscape improvements. Typically, parking areas are at a premium and area for landscaping is limited or non-existent. Street tree plantings, parking lot interior plantings, buffering of trash and service areas, and landscaping of pedestrian/public plaza space shall be addressed. At a minimum, one (1) tree per 750 sq. ft. of building footprint shall be provided on-site or as street trees in the public r/w frontage of the site. All parking lots shall be landscaped with an evergreen shrub hedge which will grow to a minimum 42” height within 5 years along street or alley frontages, and along all, or portions of sides visible from streets, excluding building access sides. Shrubs shall be spaced to form a continuous hedge within 5 years.  Additional shrub and groundcover landscape improvements shall be provided unless the applicant can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Planning Commission why additional plantings are unnecessary, or create practical difficulty.
  5. Commercial/Office Uses (excluding CR Zoning District)
    1. Overall minimum tree plantings required (excluding required bufferyards) shall be based on site area to be disturbed. (Disturbed area includes all site areas except for existing forest retention and preservation, existing wetland preservation, significant non bufferyard areas of larger sites to be preserved in a natural state, and required bufferyard areas. The minimum tree requirement shall be:
      1. Disturbed area up to 11,00 sq. ft.                        1 tree/1000 sq. ft.
        11,001 to 100,000 sq. ft. 1 tree/1500 sq. ft.
        >100,001 sq. ft.                      1 tree/2500 sq. ft.
    2. The following planting location requirements shall be met, with the balance of required tree plantings to be located on-site where appropriate. Bufferyard plantings may be supplemented with these trees if it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Planning Commission that the overall appearance and screening needs of the project would be better served. Existing specimen trees to be preserved within the disturbed area may be credited toward any applicable planting location requirement total.
      1. Internal, on-lot public or private street tree plantings- one (1) shade/canopy tree per 35’ of street centerline length. Trees to be planted within 15’ of curb line.  Streets integrated within the parking lot area shall be included under the interior parking lot planting requirement. See Figure 10-7.
      2. Interior Parking Lot Plantings- 1 tree per 7.5 spaces to be planted within the interior of the parking lot, see Figure 10-7.  Trees shall be located within the parking bays so that no more than 15 parking spaces form an uninterrupted row. Trees shall be planted within an area of pervious space of at least 64 sq. ft. allocated per tree, with no dimension of any parking lot planting island less than 6’.
      3. All parking lots shall be landscaped with an evergreen shrub hedge which will grow to a minimum 42” height within 5 years along all street or alley frontages and along all, or portions of sides visible from streets or alleys, excluding the building or facility access side(s). Shrubs shall be spaced to form a continuous hedge within 5 years.  Required Bufferyards may replace all or part of this requirement when the applicant can demonstrate that effective screening will be achieved. See Figure 10-7.
      4. Building Facade Plantings- the landscape improvement plan shall incorporate tree, shrub, groundcover and accent plantings around entrance points, along the entrance face(s) of building(s) and/or within the adjacent pedestrian paving areas. See Figure 10-8. These landscape planting areas (excluding turf) shall be comprised as follows:
        1. one (1) tree per 50’ of front building facade or portion thereof
        2. landscape beds containing understory trees, shrubs, groundcovers  that cover 25% of the front building facade. Minimum bed dimension shall be five feet (5’).  A building with a sixty foot front facade would meet these requirements with two trees located in two shrub beds 7.5’ by 5’ on either side of the entrance door.  Required shade/canopy trees can be located within these beds where the bed size equals or exceeds 64 sq. ft.  Plant type and form shall reflect the adjacent building form and mass. Large or tall buildings shall incorporate larger plantings and more trees.
      5. Service/Loading Areas- includes areas for trash dumpsters, compactors, trash and recycling staging areas, and truck loading and staging areas. Unless otherwise screened from normal and significant view, applicant shall provide minimum 6’ wall/fence with at least 50% of face planted with evergreen shrubs or trees. In lieu of 50% planting requirement, wall or fence shall be a decorative architectural statement compatible with the architectural design of the adjoining structure. Access opening(s) to be oriented away from streets and predominant pedestrian/traffic views, or gated to screen view.
      6. Shrub and Groundcover Plantings- shrubs and groundcovers shall be integrated into the site and landscape plan to complement architectural design, screen objectionable views, separate pedestrian activities from vehicular travel ways, stabilize sensitive or eroding areas and other applications that contribute to the overall landscape appearance. The applicant shall provide shrub and groundcover plantings or demonstrate why they are unnecessary, impractical or not effective in providing an acceptable landscape appearance.
      7. Bufferyards required per Section28 – 1014.7.E.
  6. Industrial/Business and Service Uses
    1. Overall minimum tree plantings required (excluding required bufferyards) shall be based on site area to be disturbed. (Disturbed area includes all site areas except for existing forest retention and preservation, existing wetland preservation, significant non bufferyard  areas of larger sites to be preserved in a natural state, and required bufferyard areas. The minimum tree requirement shall be one (1) tree per 3000 sq. ft. of disturbed area.
    2. The following planting location requirements shall be met, with the balance of required tree plantings to be located on-site where appropriate. Bufferyard plantings may be supplemented with these trees if it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Planning Commission that the overall appearance and screening needs of the project would be better served. Existing specimen trees to be preserved within the disturbed area may be credited toward any applicable planting location requirement total.
      1. Interior Parking Lot Plantings- 1 tree per 10 spaces to be planted within the interior of the parking lot, see Figure 10-7.  Trees shall be located within the parking bays so that no more than 15 parking spaces form an uninterrupted row. Trees shall be planted within an area of pervious space of at least 64 sq.ft. allocated per tree, with no dimension of any parking lot planting island less than 6’.
      2. All parking lots shall be landscaped with an evergreen shrub hedge which will grow to a minimum 42” height within 5 years along all street frontages and along all, or portions of sides visible from a street, excluding the building or facility access side(s). Shrubs shall be spaced to form a continuous hedge within 5 years.  Required Bufferyards may replace all or part of this requirement when the applicant can demonstrate that effective screening will be achieved. See Figure 10-7.
      3. Building Envelope Plantings- the entrance facade(s) and other facades visible from a street shall incorporate tree plantings within 50’ of these building facades. These plantings shall be located to accent entrance and visitor areas, and sited to lessen the visual impact of monolithic building masses. The minimum tree planting requirement shall equal or exceed one (1) deciduous, shade/canopy tree per twenty feet (20’) of the affected facade(s) perimeter. See Figure 10-9.

        option: substitute 1.5 evergreen or understory tree for 1 shade/canopy tree up to 50% of required minimum. (Note: plant type and form shall respond to the adjacent building form and mass. Large or tall buildings shall incorporate larger, taller tree species and forms.

      4. Service/Loading Areas- includes areas for trash dumpsters, compactors, trash and recycling staging areas, and truck loading and staging areas;

        - unless otherwise screened from normal and significant on or off-site view, applicant shall provide minimum 8’ wall/fence with at least 50% of face planted with evergreen shrubs or trees. In lieu of 50% planting requirement, wall or fence shall be a decorative architectural statement compatible with the architectural design of the adjoining structure. Access opening(s) to be oriented away from streets and predominate pedestrian/traffic views, or gated to screen view

        option: evergreen tree buffer planting, minimum 7’ height at installation, staggered spacing to create solid screen at installation.

      5. Earth Berming and Drainage/SWM Features- whenever possible, utilize these features to accent site planning and building siting. Properly formed, significant berming may be considered toward credit for tree planting requirement.
      6. Bufferyards required per Section 28 – 1014.7.E.
  7. Large Lot Display Land Uses and Specialty Land Uses: Gas Stations, Car or Equipment Dealerships, and other uses that require large paved areas for display or storage of vehicles, equipment, and other uses as determined by Town Planner. The Town recognizes the peculiar nature of these land use types and the need for large, open expanses of paved area and adequate traffic flow opportunities. Nevertheless, the appearance of this land use type can be greatly enhanced with landscape improvements without detrimentally affecting these site and user needs.
    1. Overall minimum tree plantings required (excluding required bufferyards) shall be based on site area to be disturbed. (Disturbed area includes all site areas except for existing forest retention and preservation, existing wetland preservation, significant non bufferyard areas of larger sites to be preserved in a natural state, and required bufferyard areas. The minimum tree requirement shall be one (1) tree per 3000 sq. ft. of disturbed area.
    2. The following planting location requirements shall be met, with the balance of required tree plantings to be located on-site where appropriate. Bufferyard plantings may be supplemented with these trees if it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Planning Commission that the overall appearance and screening needs of the project would be better served. Existing specimen trees to be preserved within the disturbed area may be credited toward any applicable planting location requirement total.
      1. Interior Customer Parking Lot Plantings- 1 tree per 7.5 spaces to be planted within the interior of the visitor or customer parking lot, see Figure 10-7. Trees shall be located within the parking bays so that no more than 15 parking spaces form an uninterrupted row. Trees shall be planted within an area of pervious space of at least 64 sq. ft. allocated per tree, with no dimension of any parking lot planting island less than 6’.
      2. All visitor/customer parking lots shall be landscaped with an evergreen shrub hedge which will grow to a minimum 42” height within 5 years along all sides excluding the building or facility access side(s). Shrubs shall be spaced to form a continuous hedge within 5 years.  See figure 10-8.
      3. Building Envelope Plantings- the landscape improvement plan shall incorporate tree, shrub, groundcover and accent plantings around entrance points, and along all building faces visible from streets or public ways. Service bay or equipment access areas are excluded. These landscape planting areas (excluding turf) shall be located along a minimum of 25% of the building face(s), see Figure 10-8.  Minimum planting bed dimension shall be five feet (5’). Plant type and form shall reflect the adjacent building form and mass. Large or tall buildings shall incorporate larger plantings and more trees.
      4. Bufferyards required per Section 28 – 1014.7.E.
  8. Specialty Land Uses; Mini-Warehouses
    1. As a supplement to any perimeter bufferyards required below, mini-warehouse developments shall incorporate 1 evergreen tree and 1 shade canopy tree per 50’ of parcel perimeter, unless the applicant can demonstrate that the development will not be seen from adjoining public ways. The Planning Commission may require additional screening unless the applicant demonstrates enhanced architectural proposals, enhanced fencing or wall screening or other design proposals that mitigate the “typical” appearance of mini-warehouse developments.
    2. Bufferyards required per Section 28– 1014.7.E.

28 – 1014.7 BUFFERYARD STANDARDS

  1. Bufferyard standards are proposed as part of this Section for many purposes, including;
    1. To buffer negative aspects of more intense land uses from less intense land uses
    2. To buffer the general public from “back of house image” and other non-regulated homeowner improvements, i.e., fences, sheds, play structures, etc.
    3. To develop the framework for a town-wide landscape program where street and development corridors over time become landscaped and lined with street trees.
    4. To enhance overall Town character and appearance.
  2. Ownership and maintenance responsibilities and use of bufferyards shall be clearly stated on subdivision plats, site plans, restrictive covenant and easement agreements, forest conservation agreements and other such documents that help to clarify these issues.
  3. Bufferyards shall be completely implemented, installed and/or planted by the owner/developer (herein referred to as the Applicant) prior to issuance of an occupancy permit, or in the case of subdivisions, phased per development sections, but completed prior to issuance of any occupancy permit for a phase or section.
  4. Bufferyards shall conform to the following general area and detail specifications:
    1. Bufferyards shall occupy part or all of the required building setback or yard area and expand said setback or yard should the bufferyard width be greater than the required setback dimension. In some cases, as part of an integrated landscape design, bufferyard plantings may be more effective if located nearer buildings and/or integrated with other required on-lot plantings; the Planning Commission may approve this option.
    2. No development improvements, except for stormwater management facilities and pedestrian/bikeways when the applicant demonstrates that the screening effect of the bufferyard will not be diminished, utility substations and signs, so long as no vegetation requirements are reduced, are permitted within any bufferyard. No residential structures, pools, or accessory structures are permitted within any bufferyard. Fences and walls as part of a required bufferyard or landscape improvement design shall be located along or near the interior side of the bufferyard.
    3. For bufferyards between more or less intense zoning or development districts, the following shall apply:
      1. If the adjoining parcel is vacant, the applicant shall provide 50% of the required bufferyard width and planting requirement.
      2. If the adjoining parcel is developed, the applicant shall provide the full bufferyard width and planting requirement, unless he/she can demonstrate that the adjoining parcel has provided and agreed to long term protect existing screening meeting the bufferyard standards herein. Under these conditions, 50% to 100% of the bufferyard requirement may be waived by the Planning Commission.
    4. Forest Conservation afforestation or reforestation otherwise meeting the requirements of the Town of Easton Forest Conservation ordinance can be located within bufferyards. Such plantings that meet the bufferyard planting unit requirements, or that can be demonstrated to provide equal or better screening and buffering, may be credited against the bufferyard requirements.
    5. Bufferyard planting requirements shall be based on a fifty foot (50’) increment.  Determine total length of affected area, divide by (50) and round to the nearest whole number to determine minimum planting units (425’ of affected frontage divided by 50 = 8.5 or 8 required planting units, whereas 426’ of affected frontage divided by 50 = 8.52 or 9 required planting units. Affected area or frontage shall be reduced by the width of street or access rights-of-way. Plant material sizes shall equal or exceed the minimum plant material specifications in this Section. The overall planting requirement can be reduced by areas of existing forest to be preserved comprising 75% of the minimum bufferyard width.
    6. Bufferyard planting units and prescribed options shall be implemented as defined below, however, plant substitutions, berming proposals, etc., will be considered and may be approved by the Planning Commission when it can be demonstrated that the screening or appearance benefits will equal or exceed the prescribed Bufferyard planting unit requirement.
    7. Bufferyard improvements shall be located so as to provide effective screening benefits and some sense of street tree plantings. See Figure 10-10.
  5. Bufferyard Width and Planting Unit Standards (per 50’ increment)
    1. Bufferyard ‘A’(for residentially zoned lots or land use applications to buffer Major Roads as described in Zoning Ord., Sec. 28 – 1009).
      1. 40’ width
      2. Plant unit: 2 shade/canopy trees, 2 evergreen trees and 10 large shrubs

        Note: where this Bufferyard is located between a parking lot and street r/w, delete the shrub requirement.

      3. Options:
        1. Average 3’ berm, reduce evergreen tree height. to 5’, reduce shrubs to 5.
        2. Substitute 1.5 understory trees for 1 evergreen tree.
    2. Bufferyard ‘B’(for non-residentially zoned lots or land use applications to buffer Major Roads as described in Zoning Ord., Sec. 28 – 1010).
      1. 25’ width
      2. Plant unit: 2 shade/canopy trees and 1 evergreen tree.
      3. Options:
        1.  Average 3’ berm, reduce evergreen tree height to 5’
        2. Substitute 1.5 understory trees for 1 evergreen tree for maximum 50% of required evergreen trees.
    3. Bufferyard ‘C’ (for all residentially zoned lots or land use applications to buffer all other streets equaling or exceeding Town of Easton “Residential Collector Designation) This bufferyard is not required along the street where the primary lot frontage is designated.
      1. 20’ width
      2. Plant unit: 1 shade/canopy tree, 2 evergreen trees & 5 large shrubs

        Note: when this bufferyard is located between a parking lot and street r/w, delete the shrub requirement.

      3. Options:
        1. Substitute 1 evergreen tree for 5 shrubs
    4. Bufferyard ‘D’ (for all non-residentially zoned lots or land use applications (excluding CR zoned parcels) to buffer all other streets equaling or exceeding Town of Easton “Residential Collector Designation)        
      1. 15’ width
      2. Plant unit: 1 shade/canopy trees, 1 evergreen trees & 5 shrubs

        Note: when this Bufferyard is located between a parking lot and street r/w, delete the shrub requirement
    5. Bufferyard ‘E’ (along non-street, exterior property lines adjoining more or less intense zoning or land use) The Planning Commission may require additional buffering above the minimum standards listed below when the proposed or adjoining land uses are substantially incompatible.
      1. 10’ width
      2. Plant unit: 1 shade/canopy and 3 evergreen trees
      3. Option:
        1. 2 shade/canopy trees and 8 large evergreen shrubs          
        2. 4 evergreen trees
        3. wall/fence with 3 large evergreen shrubs

SECTION 28 – 1015 SETBACKS FROM STREAMS

No structure or impervious surface shall be located within 100 feet of any perennial stream or 50 feet of any intermittent stream.  For the purposes of this Section, the terms perennial and intermittent stream shall refer to any feature identified as such on the most recent United States Geologic Survey’s 7.5-minute quadrangle of the area, or as confirmed by field verification and at the discretion of the Town Planner.  In cases where a greater setback may be required by other rules or regulations (e.g. Critical Area Law) the greater setback shall be required.

The Planning Commission may consider and approve alternative measures to a 100’ (or 50’) grass stream buffer.  Such alternate Buffers must achieve the same Stormwater Management and Nutrient Removal levels as the required 100 (or 50) foot buffer.

SECTION 28 – 1016 SIDEWALKS

  1. In all non-residential Zoning Districts (i.e. all districts except A-1, R-7A, R-10A, and R-10M) and in the PUD and HC Floating Zones, sidewalks shall be constructed along any Town of Easton-owned right-of-way, with the following exceptions:
    1. When abutting alleys; and
    2. When abutting an approved open section (i.e. a roadway with no curb and gutter) road.
  2. In addition, the Planning Commission may require sidewalks on property adjacent to any jurisdiction’s public road.
  3. Any such required sidewalk shall be constructed adjacent to the site along the entire frontage(s) of the property.
  4. To the extent practicable, walkways shall also be constructed on the site to connect building entrances and pedestrian pathway systems into the existing or proposed public sidewalk system.

Typical Bufferyard REverse Berming Technique Fence/Wall Design Standards Landscape Requirements Parking Lot Planting Requirements Street Tree Requirements Building Facade Landscape Requirements Building Envelope Landscape Requirements Typical Bufferyard Landscape Concept